The book gives theoretical knowledge and practical approaches on the complex process of water management in case of pollution with chemical and biological hazards. Frameworks addressing scientific and management strategies are included. Critical for successful prevention and control actions of accidental and intentional water pollution is the preliminary risk assessment, understanding of the hazards, and lessons learned from previous pollution events. Emphasis is given to biological hazards, which are as diverse as the list of chemical pollutants and represent groups belonging to algae, diatoms, bacteria, helminthes, parasites, and viruses. Chemicals and toxins are overviewed that may be used for intentional water pollution. Preventive and responsive driven strategies are addressed also to the agriculture as an important source for pesticide and fertilizer pollution. Societal characteristics and water ethics are considered as principal issues by developing assessment and management strategies for water pollution prevention and control.
Preface. Acknowledgements. Potential Water Quality Problems Posed by Intentional/Accidental Interventions.- Quantitative Health Risk Assessment Resulting from Groundwater Contamination of an abandoned open field Chemical Waste Burning Site.- Acute and Chronic Toxicity of Chemical Warfare Agents and Warfare Toxins in drinking Water.- Lessons learned from the Cyanide and Heavy Metal Accidental Water Pollution in the TISA River Basin in the Year 2000.- Environmental Contamination on Former Military Sites and Hazards to the Drinking Water in Germany Inventory and Health Risk Assessment of Environmental Contaminants.- Contamination of Water Basins of Armenian by Persistent organic Pollutants.- Pesticide Risk Assessment to Protect Aquatic Systems.- Identification and Characterization of Biological Risk for Water.- Biological Agents Like Threat Causing ones or Tools for Detecting Hazards.- Microbial Resistance to Chemical Contaminants - an Essential Precondition of Natural Attenuation in Groundwater Aquifer.- Specific Biological Threats in Western Mediterranean Region.- Is Environmental Pollution with Polychlorinated Biphenyls a Problem for Bulgaria.- Does Surface Water Treatment need special Measures in the Czech Republic?- Water Management in Republic of Moldova Principal Threats.-Water Management in Morocco.- The Romanian National Accidental and Intentional Polluted Water Management System.- Risk for Pregnant Women due to Biological and Chemical Pollution of Drinking Water.- Chemical Terrorism: Threats to Water Supplies.- Water Frame Directive ? an Effective Approach for Pollution Prevention of Water Sources in case of Emergencies at River Basin Level.- Water Quality Management in Agriculture: The Case of Lombardy ? North Italy.- Principles of Chemical Water Safety for Reproductive Health Protection.- Maintenance and Improvement of Drinking Water Safety with special regard to its role in food safety.- Pesticides and Surface Water. The Role of Modeling as a Tool to Manage Contamination.- Low-Cost Adsorbents for the Removal of Nitrophenols from Waste Waters.- Actualizing Water Ethics in the Regional Context of the Arab World.- Ethical Aspects of Water Pollution and Management.- Ensuring Adequate Reaction in Case of extreme Water Pollution through Training and Education.- Round Table Discussion. Possible Biological Threats for Europe.- Water Security and the Threats from Biological Agents of Concern.- Findings, Conclusions and Recommendations.