This monograph presents unique information derived from satellite data and explains how such data, in conjunction with ancillary data, have enhanced knowledge about the polar oceans and associated processes. The changes of ice-covered oceans over the last 25 years is discussed in addition to how these changes may be related to observed environmental changes.
2. Characteristics of the polar oceans and sea ice
3. Satellite remote sensing techniques
4. Algorithms for high latitude applications
5. Variability and trends of atmospheric and surface parameters
6. Variability and trends of the sea ice cover
7. Variability of phytoplankton concentration and primary productivity
8. Ocean processes in the MIZ
9. Ocean processes beyond the MIZ
10. Extra-polar connections
11. Summary and conclusions
Josefino C. Comiso is a Senior Research Scientist of the Oceans and Ice Branch Division of the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. His current research interests include: (a) the detection of climate change from historical data; (b) the role of Odden and polynyas in ocean convection and bottom water formation; (c) air-sea-ice interactions and biological processes in the polar regions; (d) radiative transfer modelling studies and satellite algorithms for sea, ice and snow.