This second volume on blackflies (Simuliidae) in the ABLA series concentrates on the 80 species present in Brazil. This modern morphological overview within the framework of the World Inventory of the Simuliidae forms the foundation for further morphological studies in the Neotropical region, prerequisite to cytological and molecular studies on the family. Comprehensive descriptions and taxonomic discussions are given for each species with digital images of main identification characters and generic, subgeneric and species identification keys in English, Spanish and Portuguese. Brief world and Neotropical overviews of the biology, medical importance and control of species are provided with full coverage for those found in Brazil. The book is addressed to taxonomists, immunologists, ecologists, veterinarians, physicians and biologists in general.