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This book, after an introduction about the environmental and socio-economic relevance of contaminated sites in Europe and the United States, and about the risk-based environmental management concepts and principles, provides an analysis of the main steps and tools for the development of decision support systems such as: environmental risk assessment, multi-criteria analysis, spatial analysis and geographic information system, and indices and indicators definition. It is addressed primarily to environmental risk managers and to decision makers involved in a sustainable management process for contaminated sites, including contaminated lands, river basins and coastal lagoons. Decision support systems are intended to meet their needs. They must be aware of what decision support systems and capabilities are available so that they can decide which to use and what new systems should be developed. A secondary audience is the environmental scientists who gather data and perform assessments to support decisions. They provide input to the decision support systems and often implement the systems for the managers. Other audiences include developers of decision support systems, students of environmental science and members of the public who wish to understand the assessment science that supports remedial decisions.
Basic Steps for the Development of Decision Support Systems.- Environmental Risk Assessment.- Decision Support Systems and Environment: Role of MCDA.- Spatial Analytical Techniques for Risk Based Decision Support Systems.- Indicators and endpoints for risk-based decision processes with decision support systems.- Contaminated land: a multi-dimensional problem.- Decision Support Systems For Contaminated Land Management: A Review.- A Spatial Decision Support System for the Risk-based Management of Contaminated Sites: the DESYRE DSS.- SMARTe: An MCDA Approach to Revitalize Communities and Restore the Environment.- DSS-ERAMANIA: decision support system for site-specific ecological risk assessment of contaminated sites.- SADA: ecological risk based decision support system for selective remediation.- Decision Evaluation for Complex Risk Network Systems (DECERNS) Software Tool.- Decision Support Systems (DSSs) for Contaminated Land Management -- Gaps and Challenges.- Use of Decision Support Systems to Address Contaminated Coastal Sediments: Experience in the United States.- Review of Decision Support Systems devoted to the management of inland and coastal waters in the European Union.- MODELKEY: a decision support system for the assessment and evaluation of impacts on aquatic ecosystems.- CADDIS: The Causal Analysis / Diagnosis Decision Information System.- BASINS: Better Assessment Science Integrating point and Nonpoint Sources.- A decision support system for the management of the Sacca di Goro (Italy).- Decision Support Systems (DSSs) for Inland and Coastal Waters Management -- Gaps and Challenges.
Andrea Critto Lecturer in Environmental Risk Assessment and research associate at Department of Environmental Sciences; senior researcher at Interdepartmental Centre for the Dynamic Interactions between Economy, Environment and Society (IDEAS), the University Ca' Foscari of Venice, Italy. His main research activity concerns Environmental Risk Assessment and Management associated with: a) development of Decision Support Systems for the integration of environmental, technological, economical and societal issues; b) formulation of Environmental Quality Standards and planning of environmental monitoring; c) selection/comparison of remedial technologies for contaminated sites. Dr. Critto received his Ph.D. in Environmental Sciences at the University Ca' Foscari of Venice, Italy, with specialization in Environmental Risk Assessment and GIS-based Decision Support Systems (DSS) for risk based environmental management. Antonio Marcomini Professor of Environmental Chemistry at the University Ca' Foscari of Venice, he has been post-doctoral fellow at the University of Toronto (Canada) and research associate at the EAWAG-ETH Institute of Water Science and Technology , Duebendorf (Switzerland). He has written extensively on the environmental behaviour (i.e. identification and determination, degradation and bioaccumulation, fate and transport, etc.) of both naturally occurring and synthetic chemicals, on impact and human health/ecological risk assessment of chemical pollutants, on environmental sustainability of degraded land/ecosystems rehabilitation, and on tools (procedures, protocols, decision support systems) for environmental decision making. He is author/coauthor of approx. 160 publications appeared in peer reviewed international journals, as well as of book chapters. Coordinator/scientific responsible of several international and national projects, his current research work focuses on characterization and risk assessment of emerging pollutants, especially nanoparticles and nanomaterials. Glenn W. Suter II Glenn W. Suter II is Science Advisor in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's National Center for Environmental Assessment-Cincinnati, and was formerly a Senior Research Staff Member in the Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S.A. He has a Ph.D. in Ecology from the University of California, Davis, and 30 years of professional experience including 25 years of experience in ecological risk assessment. He is the principal author of three texts in the field of ecological risk assessment, editor of two other books and author of more than a hundred open literature publications. He is Associate Editor for Ecological Risk of Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, and Reviews Editor for the Society for Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC). He has served on the International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis Task Force on Risk and Policy Analysis, the Board of Directors of SETAC, an Expert Panel for the Council on Environmental Quality, and the editorial boards of five journals. He is the recipient of numerous awards and honors; most notably, he is an Elected Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science; and he received SETAC's Global Founder's Award, their award for career achievement, and the EPA's Level 1 Scientific and Technical Achievement Award. His research experience includes development and application of methods for ecological risk assessment and ecological epidemiology, development of soil microcosm and fish toxicity tests, and environmental monitoring. His work is currently focused on the development of methods for determining the causes of biological impairments.
From the reviews: "This three-part work is a compilation of articles summarizing the state of the art of decision support systems (DSS) as they are used in the management of contaminated sites. ! Each chapter describes a specific tool, first outlining its structural elements, then providing an example case study. ! The overall breadth of the tools ! provides an excellent foundation in this emerging field. ! This volume will be of interest to community planners, agency personnel, and environmental/legal professionals. Summing Up: Recommended. Graduate through professional collections." (B. Bero, Choice, Vol. 47 (2), October, 2009)