Throughout history, many leading thinkers have been inspired by the parallels between nature and human design, in mathematics, engineering and other areas. Today, the huge increase in biological knowledge, developments in design engineering systems, together with the growth in computer power and developments in simulation modelling, have all made possible more comprehensive studies of nature. Conference topics include the following: Mechanics in nature; Nature and architecture; Biomimetics; Biological studies; Solutions from nature; Water issues. It is these developments which have prompted the reconvening of this international conference on Design and Nature. It is intended that the meeting will bring together researchers from around the world working on a variety of studies involving nature and their significance for modern scientific thought and design.
Contents Section 1: Mechanics in nature The essence of noise in nature with reference to acoustics; The Force Cone Method: a new thinking tool for lightweight structures; A bio-inspired condylar knee joint for leg amputees and for knee implants Section 2: Nature and architecture Design with nature: integrating green facades into sustainable buildings with reference to Abu Dhabi; Nature's muses in Bruno Tuat's Glashaus; Kosutnjak: landscape as a learning system; Environmental harmony and the architecture of 'place' in Yoruba urbanism; Natural systems in building integrated aquaculture design; Functionality and artistic creativity in design of environmentally integrated architecture; Architectural metabolic forms; Eco-art installation: experiential nature; The menace of public toilets in institutional housing: case studies of selected universities in South-West Nigeria Section 3: Biomimetics Oscillating foils for ship propulsion; Creative product design using biomimetics; Application of shape optimization method to artificial leaf design Section 4: Biological studies Experimental hydrodynamics imaging and undulatory movement equation of steady swimming fish (Pangasius sanitwongsei; Modelling considerations in finite element analyses of ankle foot orthoses; Modelling of stent expansion dynamics and resultant arterial wall and lesion stresses in a stenosed artery; Choi-Williams time-frequency analysis of forearm flexors; Mechanomyogram acquired from a laser diode sensor based probe Section 5: Solutions from nature Development of innovative bio-inspired nanocomposites using electrophoretic deposition and hydrothermal recrystallization; Nanostructured composite materials reinforced with nature-based cellulose nanofibres; Constructal theory of parabolic scaling; Simulation of a passive ground-coupled cooling system for a room in a hot humid climate Section 6: Water issues Study of Prespa Lake's hydrology using isotopes and other relevant techniques; Water quality monitoring of an agricultural watershed lake: the effectiveness of agricultural best management practices; Moving towards a technical specification for fluorescence excitation-emission mapping and absorbance analysis of colored dissolved organic matter