Now that so many ecosystems face rapid and major environmental change, the ability of species to respond to these changes by dispersing or moving between different patches of habitat can be crucial to ensuring their survival. Understanding dispersal has become key to understanding how populations may persist.
Dispersal Ecology and Evolution provides a timely and wide-ranging overview of the fast expanding field of dispersal ecology, incorporating the very latest research. The causes, mechanisms, and consequences of dispersal at the individual, population, species, and community levels are considered. Perspectives and insights are offered from the fields of evolution, behavioural ecology, conservation biology, and genetics. Throughout Dispersal Ecology and Evolution theoretical approaches are combined with empirical data, and care has been taken to include examples from as wide a range of species as possible – both plant and animal.
PART 1. THE MULTIPLE CAUSES OF THE DISPERSAL PROCESS
1: Erik Matthysen: Multicausality of dispersal
2: Jostein Starrfelt and Hanna Kokko: The multicausal nature of dispersal
3: Jean Clobert, Manuel Massot, and Jean-Fran#ois Le Galliard: Multi-determinism in natal dispersal: the common lizard as a model system
4: Tim G. Benton and Diana E. Bowler: Dispersal in invertebrates: influences on individual decisions
5: Valerie Lehouck, Dries Bonte, Toon Spanhove, and Luc Lens: Integrating context- and stage-dependent effects in studies of frugivorous seed dispersal: an example from south-east Kenya
PART 2. THE GENETICS OF DISPERSAL
6: Anthony J. Zera and Jennifer A. Brisson: Quantitative, physiological, and molecular genetics of dispersal/migration
7: Renee A. Duckworth: Evolution of genetically integrated strategies
8: Christopher W. Wheat: Dispersal genetics: emerging insights from fruitflies, butterfies, and beyond
9: Jocelyn C. Hall and Kathleen Donohue: Genetics of plant dispersal
PART 3. THE ASSOCIATION OF DISPERSAL WITH OTHER LIFE HISTORY TRAITS
10: Ophelie Ronce and Jean Clobert: Dispersal syndromes
11: Eva Kisdi, Margarete Utz, and Mats Gyllenberg: Evolution of condition-dependent dispersal
12: Julien Cote and Jean Clobert: Dispersal syndromes in the common lizard: personality traits, information use and context-dependent dispersal decisions
13: Dries Bonte and Marjo Saastamoinen: Dispersal syndromes in butterflies and spiders
14: Rafael Rubio de Casas, Charles G. Willis, and Kathleen Donohue: Plant dispersal phenotypes: a seed perspective of maternal habitat selection
PART 5. DISTRIBUTION OF DISPERSAL DISTANCES: DISPERSAL KERNELS
15: Ran Nathan, Etienne Klein, Juan J. Robledo-Arnuncio, and Eloy Revilla: Dispersal kernels: review
16: Thomas Hovestadt and Achim Poethke: Evolution and emergence of dispersal kernels - a brief theoretical evaluation
17: Luca Borger and John Fryxell: Quantifying individual differences in dispersal using net squared displacement
18: Nicolas Schtickzelle, Camille Turlure, and Michel Baguette: Temporal variation in dispersal kernels in a metapopulation of the bog fritillary butterfly (Boloria eunomia)
19: Frank M. Schurr: How random is dispersal? From stochasticity to process in the description of seed movement
PART 5. DISPERSAL AND POPULATION SPATIAL DYNAMICS
20: Tim G. Benton & Diana E. Bowler: Linking dispersal to spatial dynamics
21: Fran#ois Rousset: Demographic consequences of the selective forces controlling density-dependent dispersal
22: Virginie M. Stevens & Aurelie Coulon: Landscape effects on spatial dynamics: the natterjack toad as a case study
23: Ilkka Hanski: Dispersal and eco-evolutionary dynamics in the Glanville fritillary butterfly
24: Pierre-Olivier Cheptou and Antoine Dornier: Urban metapopulation dynamics and evolution of dispersal traits in the weed Crepis sancta
PART 6. DISPERSAL AND CLIMATE CHANGE
25: Jean Fran#ois Le Galliard, Manuel Massot, and Jean Clobert: Dispersal and range dynamics in changing climates: a review
26: Justin M.J. Travis and Calvin Dytham: Dispersal and climate change: a review of theory
27: Henrik Parn and Bernt-Erik Saether: Influence of temperature on dispersal in two bird species
28: Hans Van Dyck: Dispersal under global change - the case of the Pine processionary moth and other insects
29: James M. Bullock: Plant dispersal and the velocity of climate change
PART 7. DISPERSAL AND HABITAT FRAGMENTATION
30: Michel Baguette, Delphine Legrand, Helene Freville, and Hans Van Dyck: Evolutionary ecology of dispersal in fragmented landscape
31: Calvin Dytham and Justin M. J. Travis: Modelling the effects of habitat fragmentation
32: Xavier Lambin, Diane Le Bouille, Matthew K. Oliver, Chris Sutherland, Edoardo Tedesco, and Alex Douglas: High connectivity despite high fragmentation: iterated dispersal in a vertebrate metapopulation 33: Hans Van Dyck and Michel Baguette: Dispersal and habitat fragmentation in invertebrates - examples from widespread and localized butterflies
34: Olivier Honnay and Hans Jacquemyn: Gene flow allows persistence of a perennial forest herb in a dynamic landscape
35: Francesco d'Errico, William Banks, and Jean Clobert: Human dispersal: research tools, evidence, mechanisms
Jean Clobert is Research Director at the CNRS and is currently heading the "Station d'Ecologie Exéprimentale du CNRS à Moulis". He is also director of the Infrastructure ANAEE-S grouping all experimental research stations of the CNRS and INRA in France. Having published more than 250 regular papers in peer-reviewed journals and book chapters, he has been elected in the Academia Europaea in 2011.
Michel Baguette is particularly interested by the role of dispersal in metapopulations and metacommunities. His objective is to seek how individual variability in dispersal moulds metapopulations and metacommunities and drives their dynamics and evolution, and what this means for biological diversity. His current research projects focus on (1) the genomic of dispersal phenotypic variation, and its consequences on metapopulation dynamics using artificial selection and experiments in mesocosms, and (2) the modelling of dispersal in fragmented landscapes.
Tim Benton is a population ecologist with a particular interest in the mechanism by which environmental change impacts on population dynamics by affecting organisms' life histories. Much of his work has been conducted using a laboratory model organism, coupled with theoretical approaches. However, he has also applied his ideas to understanding biodiversity in agricultural landscapes. In addition to research, he has been head of department and Research Dean. He is currently working across the UK government, coordinating research on food and farming as "Champion" for the UK's Global Food Security programme.
James Bullock is an applied ecologist. In his work he aims to use a fundamental understanding of the spatial ecology of populations and communities – especially of plants – to inform biodiversity conservation and environmental sustainability. He has particular interests in ecosystem services, ecological restoration and climate change. James works at the UK Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, which is the UK's Centre of Excellence for integrated research in terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems, and atmospheric science.