This volume contains selected and rigorously scrutinized presentations made at the Second International Conference on Earthquake Hazard and Seismic Risk Reduction held in Yerevan, Armenia, on 14-21 September 1998. The 46 contributions from authors from over 20 countries provide an overview of the achievements and experiences of different countries in disaster reduction since 1988. These contributions are presented in the volume in three parts, namely Disaster Reduction, Earthquake Hazards, and Earthquake Engineering. This book will help to shape the direction that international disaster prevention will take by identifying crucial program functions and essential institutional responsibilities in the field of disaster reduction after the IDNDR. Audience: This volume contains valuable information for seismologists, geophysicists, earth scientists, engineers, architects, and psychologists interested in earthquake hazard and seismic risk research. It is also useful for authorities responsible for public safety and natural hazards mitigation plans, and for insurance companies.
Preface. Acknowledgments. Part I: Disaster Reduction. Seismic Risk Reduction Strategy in the XXI Century; S. Balassanian. Building Local Capacity for Earthquake Loss Reduction; S. Mattingly. Disaster Assistance in Cold Weather Conditions: an Overview of Issues and Options; C. Kelly. Actual State of Technical Cooperation on Earthquake Disaster Prevention. Case Study: JICA Earthquake Disaster Prevention Project in Mexico; H. Kitajima. Radius Initiative for IDNDR a Practical Approach to Reduce Urban Seismic Risk; K. Okazaki. Urban Seismic Risk Mitigation in Asia: Examples From Radius Case Studies; R.K. Shaw, et al. The Kathmandu Valley Earthquake Risk Management Project (KVERMP): Project Motivation and Description; A.M. Dixit, et al. The Role of the Subjective Factors in the Seismic Risk; A. Tarverdyan. Part II: Earthquake Hazard. Major and Great Earthquakes on the Himalayan Region: an Overview; H.K. Gupta. Seismicity of the Spitak Earthquake Source Zone Vicinity; R.E. Tatevossian, et al. Southern Javakhet Earthquake Swarm. Stress Tensor Orientation Derived from Focal Mechanism Data; A.K. Tovmasyan. The Digital Accelerograph Network in the Caucasus; P. Smit, et al. Implications of the Duration of Strong Ground Motion: (Observations from the U.S. Loma Prieta Earthquake of Oct. 17, 1989); M. Tiv. Seismicity and Cultural Monuments of Georgia; V. Zaalishvili, et al. Geomorphological Aspects of the Forming of Earthquake Intensity Effect in Highlands; V. Zaalishvili, S. Gogmachadze. On Estimation of Dominant Vibration Periods of Site; O. Kuranova, et al. A Major Neotectonic Structure Within the Arabia -- Eurasia Collisional Orogen: the Ararat -- Araks Conjugate Fault System and its Possible Impact on the Safety of the Metsamor Nuclear Power Plant; H.K. Mkrtchian. One Inequality of Elastokinetics and its Application in Seismology; G. Gabrichidze. Earthquake Prediction Research for Current Seismic Hazard Assessment in Armenia; S. Balassanian. The Stages of Earthquake Preparation: Laboratory Experiment and Field Study; G.A. Sobolev, et al. Earthquake Prediction: Pro and Contra; T. Chelidze. Method of Analysis of Geochemical Oscillations to Earthquake Prediction; A.A. Belyaev, V.A. Igumnov. Earthquake Prediction Research in China: Zhangbei Ms=6.2 Earthquake on January 10, 1998; D. Jianhai, et al. Intense Crustal Deformation Rates on Nissyros Island (Greece), Deduced from GPS Studies, May Foreshadow a Forthcoming Volcanic Event; E. Lagios. Tectonic Early Warning System Through Real-Time Radon (Rn) Monitoring: Preliminary Results of a Geophysical Method for Forecasting Earthquakes; E. Lagios, et al. The Results of Theoretical Researches of the Geodesic-Deformed Herald of Earthquakes; R.A. Movsessyan. Seismic Hazard Zonation in Eastern Europe; D. Lungu, et al. A New Seismic Hazard Map for the Implementation in the National Physical Planning of Iran; A.A. Moinfar, et al. Part III: Earthquake Engineering. Ten Years After the 1988 Spitak Earthquake: Reconstruction and New Lines of Earthquake Engineering Development in Armenia; M. Melkumyan. The Lessons of Armenia-Spitak, 1988, and Other Recent Earthquakes in View of Seismic Building Codes Improvement; J.M. Eisenberg. The Nature of Spitak Earthquake Occurred on December 7, 1988. Reinforcement and Repair Technology of Buildings and Constructions; T.G. Markarian, S.G. Shahinian. Some Structural Aspects of Buildings Destroyed in the Spitak Earthquake; E. Luz. Seismic Upgrading of Existing Stone-Masonry Buildings: Lessons From the Earthquake of Bovec of 1998; M. Tomazevic. On Basic Concepts for Development of United International Earthquake Resistant Construction Code; E.E. Khachian. Analysis of New Seismic Building Codes of CIS Countries; T. Mukhadze, I. Timchenko. Recent Techniques and Regulations on Seismic Retrofit and Diagnosis for Buildings in Japan; T. Saito. Some Main Principles of New Republic Codes on Design and Construction of Seismic-Resistant Masonry Structures; T.G. Markaryan, L.A. Davidian. Internet Availability of the Vulnerability Database; F. Casciati, et al. Assessment of Damage and Usability of Earthquake-Damaged Buildings: Experience of Slovenia; M. Tomazevic. Design and Testing of High Damping Rubber Earthquake Bearings for Retrofit Project in Armenia; K.N.G. Fuller, et al. The Research, Application and Design Code of Seismic Isolation and Energy Dissipation in China; F.L. Zhou. On one Approach of Studying the Free and Forced Vibrations of Bases and Fundaments of Structures; L.A. Aghalovian. Activities of the European Laboratory for Structural Assessment for Seismic Risk Reduction in Europe; V. Renda, et al. Effects of Incoherence, Wave Passage and Spatially Varying Site Conditions on Bridge Response; P. Keshishian, A. Der Kiureghian. The Impact of the System of Ties Upon the Level of Seismic Effect for Road Beam Bridges; R.S. Azoyan, et al. The Asymptotic Solution of Some Model Problems of Seismostability Construction and Seismology; L.A. Aghalovian, R.S. Gevorgyan.