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Stresses the importance to ecology of field experiments where variables are manipulated in order to collect data on specific hypotheses, as opposed to the more passive observational method. Contents include: Ecological problems and how they are approached; Minimal requirements of experimental design in ecology; Trade-offs in ecological experimentation; Experts in forests; Experiments in terrestrial successional communities; Experiments in arid environments; Experiments in fresh water; Experiments in marine environments; and conclusions to be drawn from field experiments.