Apiculture or beekeeping is the maintenance of honey bee colonies, commonly in hives, by humans. A beekeeper keeps bees in order to collect honey and other products of the hive including beeswax, propolis, pollen, and royal jelly, to pollinate crops, or to produce bees for sale to other beekeepers. The growing market potential for honey and its products has resulted in bee keeping emerging as a viable enterprise. For the development of beekeeping industry, it is very important to provide scientific proven technology of beekeeping to beekeepers and create mass awareness in potential areas at national level. Economic Importance of Apiculture is intended to provide practical information on various aspects of apiculture in precise and digestible form. Various key issues have been discussed to make it very useful to beekeepers, farmers, students, scientists, planners and policy makers.