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Proceedings of an International Symposium on the Effect of Mineral-organic-micro-organism Interactions on Soil and Freshwater Environments, Held in September 3-6, 1996, in Nancy, France.
This volume includes five main topics: Reactivity and Transformations of Mineral Constituents and Metals at the soil-solution interfaces; Nature, Dynamics and Transformations of Organic Compounds and Enzymes in Soils; Microorganism-Colloid Interactions and their Effect on Bioavailability of Pollutants and Nutriments in Terrestrial and Freshwater Environments; Effect of Microorganism-Colloid-Soil Interactions on Dynamics and Activity of Microbial Communities and Populations; Integration of Mineral-Organic-Microorganism Interactions in the Evaluation of Soil and Freshwater Quality. These topics consider different aspects of the environmental behavior and fate of natural and anthropogenic organic and inorganic compounds in different soil systems and soil-surface water systems under the control of biotic and abiotic processes and parameters involved. In this book, overlap of processes, constituents, etc., between the different topics underline the occurrence, importance and interest of such interactions. In the near future such interactive phenomena will have to be much more defined to propose criteria of soil quality and of soil environmental functions that are needed to help management of the whole terrestrial ecosystem.
Part I: Reactivity and Transformations of Mineral Constituents and Metals at the soil-solution interfaces
1. Sorption mechanisms at the solid-water interface; Ph. Behra, et al.
2. Comparison between bacterial and chemical dissolution of Al-substituted goethite. Incidence on mobilization of iron; N. Bousserrhine, et al.
3. Preparation and thermodynamic equilibria of green rusts in aqueous solutions and their identification as mineral in hydromorphic soils; J.-M.R. Genin, et al.
4. An XPS and AFM coupled study of air and bio-oxydized pyrite surfaces; V. Toniazzo, et al.
5. Transformation of iron-containing minerals in kaolin during growth of a mixed bacterial culture derived from kaolin; E.S. Shelobolina, et al.
6. Effect of succinic acid produced by microorganisms and plant roots on copper sorption by soil; T. Pampura, M. Ustinin
7. Interaction of iron and organic matter in relation to its uptake by plants; A.M. Elgala
8. Effects of organic matter, iron and aluminium on soil structural stability; M. Arias, et al.
9. Interactions of mugineic acid with allophane, imogolite, montmorillonite and gibbsite; S. Iridate, K. Inoue
10. Aluminium speciation, toxicity and transfer from soils to surface waters in two contrasting watersheds exposed to acid deposition in the Vosges Mountains (North-Eastern France); O. Maitat, et al.
11. Ultrafiltration as a means to investigate copper resistance mechanisms in soil bacteria; I. Lamy, et al.
Part II: Nature, Dynamics and Transformations of Organic Compounds and Enzymes in Soils
12. Application of organic geochemistry techniques to environmental problems; P. Faure, et al.
13. In situ ATR-FTIR characterization of organic macromolecules aggregated with metallic cations; F. Quile, et al.
14. The structure of organic nitrogen in particle size fractions determined by 15N CPMAS NMR; H. Knicker, et al.
15. Polymerization: a possible consequence of copper-phenolic interactions; A. Oess, et al.
16. Effect of pH, Exchange Cations and Hydrolitic Species of Al and Fe on Formation and Properties of Montmorillonite-Protein Complexes; A. De Cristofaro, et al.
17. Adsorption and properties of urease immobilized on several iron, and aluminium oxides (hydroxides) and kaolinite; Q. Huang, et al.
18. The fate of acid phosphatase in the presence of phenolic substances, biotic and abiotic catalysts; M.A. Rao, et al.
19. Kinetics of catechol oxidation catalyzed by tyrosinase or d-MnO2; A. Naidja, et al.
20. Plant residue decomposition: effect of soil porosity and particle size; L. Fruit, et al.
21. The effect of humic substances from oxyhumolite on plant development; S.S. Gonet, et al.
22. Changes in some properties of humic substances from Melanudands induced by vegetational succession from grass to deciduous trees; T. Higashi, et al.
23. Characterization of the organic substances in reclaimed soils; L. Petrova, et al.
Part III: Microorganism-Colloid Interactions and their Effect on Bioavailability of Pollutants and Nutrients in Terrestrial and Freshwater Environments
24. Interactions between polychlorinated biphenyls and yeasts cells in liquid medium; P. Oudin, et al.
25. Effects of pH, electrolytes and microbial activity on the mobilization of PCB and PAH in a sandy soil; B. Marschner, et al.
26. Modification of herbicide mineralization and extractibility in soil by addition of organic matter in model experiments; S. Houot, et al.
27. Solubilization of phosphorus from apatite by sulfuric acid produced from the microbiological oxidation of sulfur; P. Cantin, et al.
28. Availability of soil phosphorus to the green alga Selenastrum capricornutum; K. Krogerus, P. Ekholm
Part IV: Effect of Microorganism-Colloid-Soil Interactions on Dynamics and Activity of Microbial Communities and Populations
29. Role of proteins in the adhesion of Azospirillum brasilense to model substrata; Y.F. Dufrene, et al.
30. Xylanase, invertase and urease activity in particle size fractions of soils; E. Kandeler, et al.
31. Activity of b-glucosidase in the presence of copper or zinc and montmorillonite or Al-montmorillonite; G. Geifer, et al.
32. Trace mineral amendments in agriculture for optimizing the biochemical activity of plant-associated bacteria. B.K. Duffy, G. Defago
33. Effects of mechanical stresses and strains on soil respiration; C.W. Watts, et al.
34. Inhibitory activity of strains of the genus Arthrinium on Aspergillus species in vineyard soils of Requena (Spain); H. Aissaoui, et al.
35. Study of microfungal species in a calcareous soil treated with sewage sludge; C. Anaya, et al.
Part V: Integration of Mineral-Organic-Microorganism Interactions in the Evaluation of Soil and Freshwater Quality
36. Two-step bioremediation of soils contaminated with chloroaromatics; P. Rosenbrock, et al.
37. Test method for determining the acid production potential of sulfur treated soils; P. Cantin, et al.
38. Use of pyrophosphate to extract extra- and intracellular enzymes from a compost of municipal solid wastes; J.C. Rad, et al.
39. Adsorption of methylene blue by red mud, an oxide-rich byproduct of bauxite refining; M. Arias, et al.
40. The transition of water quality: from soil contribution to water treatment; J. L. Bersillon, et al.