Volume 2 of this series portrays the association between elephant and man since the dawn of history and the importance of elephants in Thai history. It describes the deep roots of the elephant in theology, describes the important position of the elephant at court, especially as battle elephant, and provides much information about the employment and usefulness of elephants in daily life in Siam. The text is supported by 90 illustrations, largely from antiquarian sources. The elephant is the national symbol of Thailand. Yet, despite its close association with the people of the country over the centuries and the many services it has rendered to the kings and ordinary men, its very future survival hangs in the balance.