The only published work that treats the historical evolution of EPA enforcement, Enforcement at the EPA provides a candid inside glimpse of a crucial aspect of the work of an important federal agency.
Based on 190 personal interviews with present and former enforcement officials at EPA, the U.S. Department of Justice, and key congressional staff members – along with extensive research among EPA documents and secondary sources – Enforcement at the EPA vividly recounts the often tumultuous history of EPA's enforcement program. It also analyzes some important questions regarding EPA's institutional relationships and the Agency's working environment.
This revised and updated edition adds substantial new chapters examining EPA enforcement during the Clinton and George W. Bush administrations. Its treatment of issues of civil service decline and the applicability of captive agency theory is also new and original.
Chapter One. Introduction
Chapter Two. "Where the Rubber Hits the Road and Everything Else Hits the Fan": A Brief Description of EPA's Enforcement Process and the Superfund Program
Chapter Three. Heavy Seas before the Maelstrom: EPA Enforcement in the 1970s
Chapter Four. Destruction, Confusion, Confrontation, and Disarray: EPA Enforcement and Congressional Oversight in the Gorsuch Era
Chapter Five. "Away from the Brink"--But Not Out of the Woods: EPA Enforcement from 1983 to 1989
Chapter Six. Modest Progress and Renewed Suspicion: EPA Enforcement in the Bush I Administration
Chapter Seven. "Neither the Best of Times nor the Worst of Times": EPA Enforcement during the Clinton Administration
Chapter Eight. Suspicions, Schisms, and Partial Revival: EPA Enforcement during the Bush II Administration
Chapter Nine. Lessons Learned: Some Observations on Congressional Oversight, Organizational Structure, Management Approaches, and Career Staff Trends
Chapter Ten. Did Industry Capture EPA Enforcement? Captive Agency Theory and Its (Partial) Applicability
Chapter Eleven. EPA Enforcement in the Context of Federal Civil Service Decline
Appendix A. Persons Interviewed
Appendix B. Government Service Job Titles of Individuals Interviewed by Author
Appendix C. Standard Interview Questionnaire in Interviews Prior to 2003
Appendix D. Standard Interview Questions Asked in All Interviews Beginning in 2003
A former EPA attorney and chief attorney, Joel A Mintz is Professor of Law at Nova Southeastern University Law Center, where he teaches environmental law and related courses. He has authored or coauthored six other books, as well as numerous journal articles, on environmental enforcement, sustainability, and state and local taxation and finance.