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About this book
About this book
The Black Sea currently faces severe ecological disequilibrium due primarily to eutrophication and other types of contamination from atmospheric, river and land-based sources. Among the most critical contemporary concerns are eutrophication and associated deterioration of water quality, plankton blooms, hypoxia and anoxia, loss of biodiversity and decline of living resources. The present volume contains 22 peer-reviewed papers presented at the NATO-ARW on the Environmental Degradation of the Black Sea. Each paper focuses on different aspects of the Black Sea's oceanography. As a whole, the book covers a wide range of topics, from oil spills to geology, from observations of ecological process to modelling. The papers fall into two main groups: scientific papers addressing the environmental degradation of the Black Sea, and reports on the achievements of the existing international programmes. Our current knowledge of the Black Sea's oceanography is reviewed, and areas are identified where further research is needed.
Origin of the Black Sea; N. Gorur. Geochemistry of the Late Pleistocene-Holocene Sediments of the Black Sea: An Overview; M.N. Cagatay. Importance of Sedimentary Processes in Environmental Changes: Lower River Danube -- Danube Delta -- Western Black Sea System; N. Panin, et al. Characteristic Chemical Features and Biogeochemical Cycles in the Black Sea; O. Bassturk, et al. Eutrophication: A Plausible Cause for Changes in Hydrochemical Structure of the Black Sea Anoxic Layer; S.K. Konovalov, et al. The Suboxic Zone of the Black Sea; J.W. Murray, et al. An Approach to Modelling Anoxic Conditions in the Black Sea; E.V. Yakushev. Temporal (Seasonal and Interannual) Changes of Ecosystem of the Open Waters of the Black Sea; M.E. Vinogradov. Distribution of Planktonic Primary Production in the Black Sea; A.S. Bologa, et al. Fluctuations of Pelagic Species of the Open Black Sea during 1980-1995 and Possible Teleconnections; U. Niermann, et al. Status and Evolution of the Romanian Black Sea Coastal Ecosystem; A. Petranu, et al. Modeling the Black Sea Pelagic Ecosystem and Biogeochemical Structure: A Synthesis of Recent Activities; T. Oguz. Satellite Altimetry Observations of the Black Sea; G.K. Korotaev, et al. Hydro-Optical Studies of the Black Sea: History and Status; V.L. Vladimirov, et al. Influence of Anthropogenic Impact on the Physiology of Some Black Sea Fish Species; G.E. Shulman, et al. International Mussel Watch (UNESCO/IOC) in the Black Sea: A Pilot Study for Biological Effects and Contaminant; M.N. Moore, et al. Database and Database Management System of the TU-Black Sea Project; V.L. Vladimirov. GIS for Regional Seas Programmes: A Case Study: the Black Sea; V.O. Mamaev, et al. Towards Development of an Operational Marine Services System in the Black Sea; V. Ryabinin, et al. Oil Contingency Plans for Naval Activities; P. Hankins, et al. The Black Sea Contingency Planning for Marine Oil Spills; L. Stoyanov, et al. Romanian Contributions to ongoing Black Sea Research and Management Programmes; A.S. Bologa. Working Groups Reports.