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This book places the main actors in environmental microbiology, namely the microorganisms, on center stage. Using the modern approach of 16S ribosomal RNA, the book looks at the taxonomy of marine and freshwater bacteria, fungi, protozoa, algae, viruses, and the smaller aquatic animals such as nematodes and rotifers, as well as at the study of unculturable aquatic microorganisms (metagenomics).
The peculiarities of water as an environment for microbial growth, and the influence of aquatic microorganisms on global climate and global recycling of nitrogen and sulphur are also examined. The pollution of water is explored in the context of self-purification of natural waters. Modern municipal water purification and disease transmission through water are discussed. Alternative methods for solid waste disposal are related to the economic capability of a society. Viruses are given special attention. By focusing on the basics, this primer will appeal across a wide range of disciplines.
Part I - Introduction: Nature, Properties, and Distribution of Water.-Peculiarities of Water as an Environmental Habitat for Microorganisms.-Part II- Biological Aspects of Microorganisms in Aquatic Environments: Aspects of the Molecular Biology of Microorganisms of Relevance to the Aquatic Environment.-Taxonomy, Physiology and Ecology of Aquatic Microorganisms.-Part III - The Ecology of Microorganisms in Natural Waters.- Ecology of Microorganisms in Freshwater.- Ecology of Microorganisms in Saline Waters (Seas and Oceans).-Part IV - Pollution and Purification of, and Disease Transmission in, Water: Pollution of Aquatic Systems: Pollution through Eutrophication, Fecal Materials and Oil Spills.-Disease Transmission in Water.-Purification of Water.-Part V - Waste Disposal in Aquatic and Solid Media: Waste Disposal in the Aqueous Medium: Sewage Disposal.-Waste Disposal in Solid Media: The Disposal of Municipal Solid Wastes (MSW).-Index.