About this book
The fourth International Symposium of the International Society for Environmental Biotechnology was held on the campus of Queen's University, Belfast, Northern Ireland, on June 20-25, 1998, with an attendance of several hundred people. This meeting included technical presentations of state-of-the-art research which were integrated with tutorials and workshops by practising technologists in the broad field of environmental biotechnology. The meeting was designed to be, in every respect, truly global. For example, presentations were heard from technical workers in Southeast Asia, Iran, China, many countries in Europe, India, and the United States. By having these selected presenters, as well as experienced tutors with focused workshops, all participants benefited from this interactive symposium, and from an informal exchange of ideas, discussions of technical problems, and exploration of new applications. Environmental biotechnology is an emerging field of scientific and technological investigations that is truly global. Furthermore, popular recognition is high for the environmental problems being faced and solved by biotechnology methods. The papers in this book cover the following topics: Metals: Mine Drainage, Removal, Toxicity; Waste Treatment/Monitoring; Integrated Systems; Bioremediation: In situ/Reactors/Basic Studies; Water Quality; Biodegradation; Local/National/International Issues.
List of Contributors. 1. Bioaccumulation of Yttrium: A Microbial Model for the Management of Nuclear Wastes; V.D. Appanna, et al. 2. The Removal of Metal Ions from Aqueous Solutions by Bone Char Sorption; C.W. Cheung, et al. 3. Fermentation Parameters in Solid State Fermentation of Streptomyces sp. Cultured on Chitin; C.A.B. Davidson, J.F. Pederby. 4. Characterizing the Role of Bacteria and Bacterial Activities in the Emulsification and Degradation of Triglycerides; M. Ewell, et al. 5. The Influence of Pseudomonas putida CP1 on the Degradation of Mono-Chlorophenols by a Mixed Microbial Population; A. Farrell, B. Quilty. 6. The Use of Immobilised Rhizopus oryzae as a Biosorbent for Reactive Dye and Metal Ions; K.A. Gallagher, et al. 7. The Deterioration of Biodegradable Plastic Films and Fishing Lines by Microorganisms in Soil, Sewage, and Sea Water; T. Ishida, H. Ichigo. 8. Broad Spectrum Decolorizing Bacterial Strains and Their Functional Plasmids; H. Jian, et al. 9. Degradative Potential of Microorganisms from DDT-Contaminated Soils; A.L. Juhasz, R. Naidu. 10. Estimation of Nitrogen Requirement in Peat and Perlite Biofilters Removing Hexane from Air; O. Kibazohi, et al. 11. The Production of Various Adsorbents from Lignite, and the Thermal Conductivity of the Optimum Adsorbent under Methane at Low Pressures; S.C. McCarroll, et al. 12. Ion-Exchange Removal of Ammonium Ions from Secondary Treatment Wastewaters and Dilute Solutions Using Clinoptilolite; R.J. Mc Veigh, L.R. Weatherley. 13. Characteristics and Mechanisms of Mercury Resistance of the Anaerobic Bacteria Isolated from Mercury Polluted Sea Bottom Sediment; M. Narita, G. Endo. 14. Photocatalysis for Pretreatment of Metal-Containing Samples and for Removing Metals from the Waste; A.-L. Nguyen, et al. 15. Molecular Genetics of Bacterial Polyphosphate Accumulation to Better Understand the Mechanism Underlying Biological Phosphorus Removal; H. Ohtake, et al. 16. The Influence of Environmental Conditions on the Ability of a Mixed Microbial Population to Degrade 4-Chlorophenol; M. O'Sullivan, B. Quilty. 17. Immobilised Enzymes: Characterisation and Functional Meaning in Soil Amendments of Organic Wastes; J.A. Pascual, et al. 18. Biocontrol of Cellulose Wastes Pollution Using Immobilized Fungi on Complex Polyhydrogels; M. Petre, et al. 19. Seasonal Variations in Spectral Reflectance of Microbial Flocculates, Precipitates, and Oil-Like Films Associated with Neutral and Acidic Mine Drainage; E.I. Robbins, et al. 20. Evaluation of Ecotoxicological Effects of Diaryl Ethers on Green Algae; S.J. Todd, et al. 21. Effects of Culture Temperature on the Quality of Compost during Curing Stage; P.K. Shin, H.K. Bae. 22. Remediation of Chlorinated Hydrocarbon Solvents; S.N. Mol, et al. 23. Microbiological and Chemical Methods for Decolorization of Molasses-Derived Alcohol Distillery Effluent; M.L. Paje, et al. 24. A Robust Model for Wastewater Treatment in Sequencing Batch Reactors; W.A. Al-Masry, A.E. Abasaeed. 25. Primary Treatment Options for Fish Processing Effluent in Ireland: Pilot Scale Trials of Physicochemical and Biological Treatments; R.E. Dick, et al.