Environmental Organic Chemistry focuses on environmental factors that govern the processes that determine the fate of organic chemicals in natural and engineered systems. The information discovered is then applied to quantitatively assessing the environmental behaviour of organic chemicals. Now in its 2nd edition this book takes a more holistic view on physical--chemical properties of organic compounds. It includes new topics that address aspects of gas/solid partitioning, bioaccumulation, and transformations in the atmosphere. Structures chapters into basic and sophisticated sections Contains illustrative examples, problems and case studies Examines the fundamental aspects of organic, physical and inorganic chemistry -- applied to environmentally relevant problems Addresses problems and case studies in one volume
Preface.Part I: Introduction.1. General Topic and Overview.2. An Introduction to Environmental Organic Chemicals.Part II: Equilibrium Partitioning Between Gaseous, Liquid, and Solid Phases.3. Partitioning: Molecular Interactions and Thermodynamics.4. Vapor Pressure.5. Activity Coefficient and Solubility in Water.6. Air-Organic Solvent and Air-Water Partitioning.7. Organic Liquid-Water Partitioning.8. Organic Acids and Bases: Acidity Constant and Partitioning Behavior.9. Sorption I: General Introduction and Sorption Processes Involving Organic Matter.10. Sorption II: Partitioning to Living Media - Bioaccumulation and Baseline Toxicity.11. Sorption III: Sorption Processes Involving Inorganic Surfaces.Part III: Transformation Processes.12. Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Transformation Reactions.13. Chemical Transformations I: Hydrolysis and Reactions Involving Other Nucleophilic Species.14. Chemical Transformations II: Redox Reactions.15. Direct Photolysis.16. Indirect Photolysis: Reactions with Photooxidants in Natural Waters and in the Atmosphere.17. Biological Transformations.Part IV: Modeling Tools: Transport and Reaction.18. Transport by Random Motion.19. Transport Through Boundaries.20. Air-Water Exchange.21. Box Models.22. Models in Space and Time.Part V: Environmental Systems and Case Studies.23. Ponds, Lakes, and Oceans.24. Rivers.25. Groundwater.Appendix.Bibliography.Index (Subject Index, Compound Index, List of Illustrative Examples).
RENE P. SCHWARZENBACH, PhD, is Head of the Institute for Aquatic Sciences and Water Pollution Control and Professor of Environmental Chemistry at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, Switzerland. PHILIP M. GSCHWEND, PhD, is Full Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Massachusetts. DIETER M. IMBODEN, PhD, is Full Professor of Environmental Physics in the Department of Environmental Sciences at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, Switzerland.
...a comprehensive set of fundamental concepts that provides the quantitative tools necessary to evaluate the fate of the organic chemicals in the environment... (Vadose Zone Journal, May 2007) "...can be considered as the 'Bible of Organic Environmental Chemistry'... will help to establish the subject discipline in the future" (International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, 2004)