About this book
The rapid expansion of the world's population, combined with industrial progress, has made a significant impact on the world's ecosystems. Ecosystems related to the aquatic environment represent the primary concern, but the terrestrial environment is also a major challenge for the foreseeable future, in view of increasing demands on available land resources and the need for remediation and reclamation.
This volume provides a working knowledge of monitoring issues for those who commission environmental toxicity tests or are required to use them. It discusses interpretation and application of the results, together with any caveats, and considers recent progress in the development of rapid and novel methods. Ecotoxicity is one of the hottest topics in contaminated land assessment.
1. Historical perspective and overview Jim Wharfe, Science Group, Environment Agency, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK 2. Effective monitoring of the environment for toxicity Ian Johnson and Paul Whitehouse, Water Research Centre, Marlow, Buckinghamshire, UK, and Mark Crane, Crane Consultants, Faringdon, Oxfordshire, UK 3. The nature and chemistry of toxicants Ulf Lidman, Department of Biology, University of Kalmar, Sweden 4. Frameworks for the application of toxicity data Maria Consuelo Diaz-Baez and Bernard J. Dutka, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Facultad de Ingenieria Ambiental, Bogota, Colombia 5. The aquatic environment William L. Goodfellow Jnr, EA Engineering Science and Technology, Sparks, Maryland, USA 6. Biological methods for assessing potentially contaminated soils David J. Spurgeon, Claus Svendsen and Peter K. Hankard, Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire, UK 7. Review of biomarkers and new techniques for in situ aquatic studies with bivalves Francois Gagne and Christian Blaise, Environment Canada, Montreal, Canada 8. Environmental monitoring for genotoxic compounds Johan Bierkens, Ethel Brits and Luc Verschaeve, VITO Flemish Institute for Technological Research, Mol, Belgium 9. Approach to legislation in a global context: A - UK perspective Jim Wharfe, National Centre for Ecotoxicology and Hazardous Substances, Environment Agency, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK B - Netherlands perspective - Soils and Sediments Michiel Rutgers, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands and Piet den Besten, Institute for Inland Water Management and Waste Water Treatment (RIZA), Ministry of Transport, Lelystad, The Netherlands C - German perspective Hans-Jurgen Pluta and Monika Rosenberg, Umweltbundesamt, Berlin, Germany D - USA perspective Barbara Brown and Margarete Heber, US Environmental Protection Agency, Washington DC, USA 10. Case study: whole effluent assessment using a combined biodegradation and toxicity approach Graham F. Whale and Nigel S. Battersby, Shell R & T Centre, Chester, UK 11. Potential future developments in ecotoxicology Wim De Coen, Geert Huyskens, Roel Smolders, Freddy Dardenne, Johan Robbens, Marleen Maras and Ronny Blust, Laboratory for Ecophysiology, Biochemistry and Toxicology, University of Antwerp, Belgium References Index