This book addresses the need for the exchange of scientific information among experts on issues related to environmental toxicology, toxicity assessment and hazardous waste management. Publishing papers from the First International Conference on Environmental Toxicology, the text will be of interest to biologists, environmental engineers, chemists, environmental scientists, microbiologists, medical doctors and all academics, professionals, policy makers and practitioners involved in the wide range of disciplines associated with environmental toxicology and hazardous waste management.
The text encompasses themes such as: Acute and Chronic Bioassays; Tests for Endocrine Disruptors and DNA Damage; Interactive Effects of Chemicals; Bioaccumulation of Chemicals; Assessment of Ecotoxicological Properties of Hazardous Wastes; Hazardous Waste Management Techniques; Legislation Regarding Environmental Effects of Chemicals; Hazardous Waste Reduction and Recycling Techniques; Biodegradation and Bioremediation; Monitoring of Hazardous Waste Environmental Effects; Laboratory Techniques and Field Validation; Effluent Toxicity, Microbiotests; On-line Toxicity Monitoring; Forensic Toxicology; Genotoxicity/Mutagenicity; Exposure Pathways; Risk Assessment; Biotesting and Environmental Control Strategy; Hot Spots and Accidental Spills.
Section 1: Risk assessment How to predict the potential effect of chemicals on human health: an extended question of environmental toxicology; Estimation of vapour pressure, solubility in water, Henry's law function, and Log Kow as a function of temperature for prediction of the environmental fate of chemicals; Human fluorosis related to volcanic activity: a review; Toxicity of atmospheric particulate matter using aquatic bioassays; Influence of ozone air contamination on the number of deaths ascribed to respiratory causes in Madrid (Spain) during 1990-1998; Risk assessment of toxic Cyanobacteria in Polish water bodies; Bacteriological monitoring of ships' ballast water in Singapore and its potential importance for the management of coastal ecosystems Section 2: Integrated approach in risk assessment (Special session organised by T.-S. Chon) Modeling of denitrification rates in eutrophic wetlands by artificial neural networks; Recurrent Self-Organizing Map implemented to detection of temporal line movement patterns of Lumbriculus variegatus (Oligochaeta: Lumbriculidae) in response to the treatments of heavy metal; Computational analysis of movement behaviors of medaka (Oryzias latipes) after the treatments of copper by using fractal dimension and artificial neural networks Section 3: Effluent toxicity Studies of produced water toxicity using luminescent marine bacteria; In situ sludge reduction by microorganisms Section 4: Pharmaceuticals in the environment Pharmaceuticals and personal care product residues in the environment: identification and remediation; The presence and effect of endocrine disruptors on reproductive organs of fish in a reservoir used for aquiculture; Ocular manifestations of occupational exposure to corticosteroids in the pharmaceutical industry Section 5: Genotoxicity Toxicity and genotoxicity studies of surface and waste water samples using a bacterial SOS/umu test and mammalian MTT and comet assay; Cytogenetical and histochemical studies on curcumin in male rats Section 6: Bioaccumulation of chemicals Total mercury and methylmercury in fish from a tropical estuary; Use of urinary porphyrin profiles as an early warning biomarker for Monomethylarsonous acid (MMAIII) exposure; Gastropod molluscs as indicators of the cadmium natural inputs in the Canarian Archipelago (Eastern Atlantic Ocean); Prolactin levels are positively correlated with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) in cord serum Section 7: Interactive effects of chemicals Toxicity assessment of fosthiazate, metalaxyl-M and imidacloprid and their interaction with copper on Daphnia magna; Set-up of a dynamic in vitro exposure device for the study of indoor air pollutant effects on human derived cells Section 8: Hazardous waste environmental effects. Monitoring and remediation Bioindication of microcystins toxicity by germinating seeds; Method for selective determination of polybrominated diphenylethers (BDE 47 and BDE-99) in landfill leachates by capillary gas chromatography and electron capture detection; Study of metals in leached soils of a municipal dumpsite in Tampico, Tamaulipas, Mexico: preliminary results; The durability of stabilized sandy soil contaminated with Pb(NO3)2 Section 9: Biodegradation and bioremediation Toxicity and biodegradation potential of waste water from industry producing fire protection materials; Isolation and characterization of endophytic bacteria of coffee plants and their potential in caffeine degradation; Contamination of agricultural soil by arsenic containing irrigation water in Bangladesh: overview of status and a proposal for novel biological remediation; Synthesis and biodegradation of three poly(alkylene succinate)s: mathematical modelling of the esterification reaction and the enzymatic hydrolysis; Basic evaluation of sorting technologies for CCA treated wood waste; Kinetics of nitrobenzene biotransformation Section 10: Biotests Microbiotests in aquatic toxicology: the way forward; Combining three in vitro assays for detecting early signs of UVB cytotoxicity in cultured human skin fibroblasts