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Escaping Poverty's Grasp: The Environmental Foundations of Poverty Alleviation

By: David Reed

224 pages, figures


Paperback | Aug 2006 | #158883 | ISBN: 1844073718
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £24.95 $33/€28 approx
Hardback | Aug 2006 | #158884 | ISBN: 1844073726
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About this book

Despite decades of poverty reduction plans, international campaigns by governments and charities alike, poverty is persistent and environmental degradation is accelerating. Though there have been some improvements little has worked to create real economic and ecological opportunities for the poor. This is because of a failure to place their needs at the centre of action or to link local-level development to urgently needed reforms in national and international development policies.

This book has been written to change all of that. Working closely with teams in China, Indonesia, El Salvador, South Africa and Zambia, WWF devised a revolutionary three-level approach to analysing and intervening to eradicate poverty in all countries. This universal approach helps to develop ways of improving the local environment and community livelihoods as well as identifying and tackling state/provincial and national and international policy obstacles. Unashamedly critical yet unceasingly practical, this book provides both the tools and successful case studies to show practitioners how to adopt the approach in a variety of international contexts, including integrating it with existing methods, to improve livelihoods and enhance conservation and help the world's poor escape poverty's grasp.

WWF's groundbreaking book and its 3xM Approach reflects Sida's development philosophy in many ways: it empowers the poor, links poverty reduction and the environment, and promotes changes across the local, sub-national and national levels of societies. For these reasons, the book sets standards that I believe all development projects should strive to meet' Maria Norrfalk, Director General, Swedish Agency for International Development Cooperation (Sida) 'WWF's work on poverty and environment examines concrete activities to empower the poor, link poverty reduction and the environment, and promote changes across the local, subnational and national levels of societies. This work makes a number of solid policy recommendations for bringing about enduring changes in rural livelihoods and resource management' Louis Michel, EC Commissioner for Development and Humanitarian Aid


Foreword; * Introduction; * The Grinding Rituals of Poverty; * The 3XM Approach; * China; * Indonesia; * El Salvador; * South Africa; * Zambia; * Lessons; * Recommendations; * Bibliography, Index.

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David Reed is director, Macroeconomics Program Office, World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF-International) in Washington DC, US, author of Economic Change, Governance and Natural Resource Wealth (2001) and editor of Structural Adjustment, the Environment and Sustainable Development (1996)

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