This anthology contains 34 articles published since 1977 in American Scientist, the journal of the scientific society Sigma Xi. Articles illustrate how behaviourists think about and conduct their research, and provide greater insight into the behaviour of selected vertebrate and invertebrate species than most textbook accounts. While sequenced particularly to complement John Alcock's Animal Behavior: An Evolutionary Approach, this readily comprehensible and richly illustrated reader will enhance courses based on other textbooks as well. Indeed, the book can stand alone as a sampler of the excitement and diversity of research approaches and organisms that constitute the modern study of animal behaviour.
Contents PART I: DOING SCIENCE Scientists, Scholars, Knaves, and Fools; E.O.Wilson Integrity in Science; L.M.Branscomb Conduct, Misconduct, and the Structure of Science; J.Woodward & D.Goodstein The Science of Scientific Writing; G.D.Gopen & J.A.Swan Infanticide as a Primate Reproductive Strategy; S.B.Hrdy Primate Social Behavior in a Changing World; R.Curtin & P.Dolhinow PART II: THE MECHANISMS OF BEHAVIOR Why Male Ground Squirrels Disperse; K.E.Holekamp & P.W.Sherman From Society to Genes with the Honey Bee; G.E.Robinson Animal Thinking; D.R.Griffin What Do Animals Think About Numbers?; M.D.Hauser The Nature of Emotions; R.Plutchik Mozart's Starling; M.J.West & A.P.King Testosterone and Aggression in Birds; J.C.Wingfield, G.F.Ball, A.M.Dufty, R.E.Hegner, M.Ramenofsky Prenatal Hormone Exposure and Sexual Variation; J.G.Vandenbergh Physiology of Helping in Florida Scrub-Jays; S.J.Schoech Shaping Brain Sexuality; A.H.Bass Aerial Defense Tactics of Flying Insects; M.May PART III: THE EVOLUTIONARY HISTORY OF BEHAVIOR The Evolution of Communal Nest-Weaving in Ants; B.H#lldobler & E.O.Wilson Untangling the Evolution of the Web; W.A.Shear Why Do Bowerbirds Build Bowers?; G.Borgia Early Canid Domestication: The Farm-Fox Experiment; L.N.Trut Protecting Ourselves from Food; P.W.Sherman & S.M.Flaxman PART IV: THE ADAPTIVE VALUE OF REPRODUCTIVE BEHAVIOR The Evolution of Sexual Differences in Insects; R.Thornhill & D.T.Gwynne Animal Genitalia and Female Choice; W.G.Eberhard Prairie-Vole Partnerships; L.L.Getz & C.S.Carter Mating Behavior and Hermaphroditism in Coral Reef Fishes; R.R.Warner, A.Siblicide, D.W.Mock, H.Drummond, and C.H.Stinson The Strategies of Human Mating; D.M.Buss The Evolution of Jealousy; C.R.Harris PART V. THE ADAPTIVE VALUE OF SOCIAL BEHAVIOR Why Ravens Share; B.Heinrich & J.Marzluff Making Decisions in the Family: An Evolutionary Perspective; S.T.Emlen, P.H.Wrege, and N.J.Demong Naked Mole-Rats; R.L.Honeycutt The Honey Bee Colony as a Superorganism; T.D.Seeley The Adaptive Value of Religious Ritual; R.Sosis
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PAUL W. SHERMAN, Cornell University. - JOHN ALCOCK, Arizona State University.