Series: Nato Science Series: IV: Earth and Environmental Sciences Volume: 78
At the present time, the deepening of our understanding about the nature of extreme and catastrophic natural and man-induced events, in particular hydrologic ones, becomes very topical. This book addresses the development of advanced methods for the prediction, the estimation of occurrence probabilities and the risk related to extreme hydrological events. Reduction of the vulnerability of social, economic, and engineering systems to extreme hydrologic events and the decrease of their effects on such systems is also being discussed in this book.
Dealing with these problems needs further refining of existing tools for the prediction and forecasting of extreme events. It can be done essentially through revealing mechanisms of their generation and with the use of new approaches and methodologies in related branches of statistical- and physics based hydrology.
The following topics are considered in this book:
1) Basin case studies on extreme hydrological events
2) Probabilistic estimation in flood studies
3) Ice-induced floods
4) River low flows, climatic conditions and environmental issues
5) Risk assessment and management for floods, low water events, and damage vulnerability issues.
Introduction. Preface of Extreme Hydrological Events: New Concepts for Security; O.F. Vasiliev, P.H.A.J.M. van Gelder, E.J. Plate, M.V.Bolgov.- Thoughts on the Economics of Floodplain Development in the U.S.; D. P. Loucks and J.R. Stedinger.- Flood Risk Management for Setting Priorities in Decision- Making; E. J. Plate.- Basin Case Studies on Extreme Hydrological Events. Rhine Floods and Low Flows; H.E.Berger and W van de Langemheen.- August 2002 Catastrophic Flood in the Czech Republic J. Boucek.- Lessons Learned from the Elbe River Floods in August 2002; H. Kreibich et al.-Floods in Austria; G. Bloschl et al.- The conditions of the formation and development of extreme floods in Zakarpatye (the basin of Tisa river) A. I. Shershevsky.- Floods in Poland in Summer 1997: Odra and Vistula; Z.W. Kundzewicz.-Floods in Siberian river basins; D. A. Burakov et al.-Rain floods of the far east and east Siberia; L.M. Kortytny et al.- Probabilistic Estimation in Flood Studies.Theory of extreme events and probability distributions of flooding characteristics; M . V. Bolgov, N. V. Osipiva.- Regional Flood Frequency Analysis; D. Rosbjerg.- Probabilistic Forecasts Using Bayesian Networks Calibrated with Deterministic Rainfall-Runoff Models; L. Garote et al.- Predetermination of Floods; P. Hubert et al.- Statistical Estimation Methods for Extreme Hydrological Events; P.H.A.J.M. van Gelder et al.- Ice-Induced Floods. Studies of Ice Jam Flooding in the United States; K.White.- Laboratory medelling of ice jam floods on the Lena river; V.A. Buzin et al.- Hydrological conditions for actions on prevention of ice flooding on the Lena river; V. V. Kilmjaninov.-Information Needs and Uncertainties in Forecasting and Mitigating Ice-Jam Floods; R. Ettema.- River Low Flows and Climatic Conditions and Environmental Issues. Drought-Induced Water Scarcity in Water Resources Systems; F.J. Martin-Carrasco and L. Garrote.- River Low Flows in Austria; G. Bloschl and G. Laaha.- Assessment of the effect of autumn-winter river low flow on the operation of reservoir with seasonal regulation; O.F. Vasiliev et al.- Risk Assessment and Management for Floods, low Water Events, Damages Vulnerability Issues. The Dutch strategy for safety and river flood prevention; B. Fokkens and U. Menke.- Flood control system in Russia; A. Asarin.- Evacuation and Life Loss Estimation Model for Natural and Dam Break Floods;D. S. Bowles and M. Aboelata.- Flood Protection and Management in the Netherlands; K. Pilarczyk.- Uncertain Developments Influencing the Design Height of River Dikes; H.E.J. Berger.- Revised Strategies for Flood Risk Management: Lessons from the Catastrophic Flood in 2002 in Europe; H. P. Nachtnebel.- The European Real-Time Flood Forecasting System (EFFS); P. Reggiani et al.- Conclusions and Recommendations. WG Conclusions and Recommendations; O.F. Vasiliev, P.H.A.J.M. van Gelder, E.J. Plate, M.V.Bolgov.- Authors index. List of Participants. Authors Index.List of Participants.
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