The pursuit of science by professional scientists every day bears less and less resemblance to the perception of science by the general public. It is not the rule-based, methodical system for accumulating facts that dominates the public view. Rather it is the idiosyncratic, often bumbling search for understanding in mostly uncharted places. It is full of wrong turns, cul-de-sacs, mistaken identities, false findings, errors of fact and judgment – and the occasional remarkable success.
The widespread but distorted view of science as infallible originates in an education system that teaches nothing but facts using very large, very frightening textbooks, and is spread by media that report on discoveries but almost never on process. It is further reinforced by politicians who "pay for it" and want to use it to determine policy and therefore want it "right" and, worst of all, sometimes by scientists who learn early on that talking too much about failures and not enough about successes can harm their careers. Failure: Why Science is So Successful, then, is a book that seeks to make science more appealing by exposing its faults. In this sequel to Ignorance, Stuart Firestein shows us that scientific enterprise is riddled with failures, and that this is not only necessary but good.
Failure reveals how science got its start, when humans began to use a process – trial and error – as a kind of recipe that includes a hefty dose of failure. It gives the non-scientifically trained public an insider's view of how science is actually done, with the aim of making it accessible, comprehensible, and entertaining.
2. Failing to Define Failure
3. Fail Better: Advice from Samuel Beckett
4. The Scientific Basis of Failure
5. The Unreasonable Success of Failure
6. The Integrity of Failure
7. Teaching Failure
8. The Arc of Failure
9. The Scientific Method of Failure
10. Failure in the Clinic
11. How to Love Your Data When It's Wrong: Negative Results
12. Philosopher of Failure
13. Funding Failure
14. A Plurality of Failures
Stuart Firestein is Professor and Chair of the Department of Biological Sciences at Columbia University, where his highly popular course on ignorance invites working scientists to come talk to students each week about what they don't know. Dedicated to promoting science to a public audience, he serves as an advisor for the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation's program for the Public Understanding of Science and was awarded the 2011 Lenfest Distinguished Columbia Faculty Award for excellence in scholarship and teaching. He was also recently named an AAAS Fellow.
"Energetic a close examination of how repeated failure refines problems, clarifying the way forward."
– Barbara Kiser, Nature
"A breath of contemplative fresh air."
– New York Times Book Review
"Engaging book [...] his colloquial style [...] is easy to read"
– Mark Greener, Fortean Times
"This book will certainly make for an interesting read for scientists [...] but Failure might also be of interest to non-scientists"
– Katrina Kramer, Chemistry World
"The book is very engaging and witty at times"
– Network Review