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Flavonoids are secondary plant products that have previously been shown to be helpful in determining relationships among plant groups. This work presents comprehensively the occurrence, patterns of variation, and systematic and evolutionary importance of flavonoids in the sunflower family (Asteraceae), the largest family of flowering plants (23,000 species). It gathers together the more than 2500 reports of flavonoids in Asteraceae published between 1950 to the present and interprets these data in context of new taxonomic (especially generic) alignments. The authors discuss flavonoid patterns with reference to modern phylogenetic studies based on morphology and DNA data. This book provides, therefore, the most exhaustive synthesis and evaluation of the systematic and evolutionary import of flavonoids ever accomplished for any large family of angiosperms.
Introduction to the Sunflower Family: Biology and Distribution; Classification, Phylogeny and Biogeography.- Introduction to the Flavonoids: The Use of Flavonoids as Taxonomic Markers; Structural Variation of the Flavonoids of Asteraceae; Biosynthesis of Flavonoids; Biological Functions of Flavonoids.- Flavonoid Data: Flavonoids of Anthemideae; Flavonoids of Astereae; Flavonoids of Calenduleae and Cardueae; Flavonoids of Eupatorieae; Flavonoids of Heliantheae s.1; Flavonoids of Inuleae s.1; Flavonoids of Lactuceae; Flavonoids of Mutisieae and Barnadesioideae; Flavonoids of Senecioneae; Flavonoids of Tageteae; Flavonoids of Vernonieae and Liabeae.- Efficacy of Flavonoids at Different Taxonomic Levels: Flavonoids at the Subfamilial Level; Flavonoids at the Tribal Level; Flavonoids at the Subtribal Level; Flavonoids at the Generic Level; Flavonoids at the Specific Level; Flavonoids at Infraspecific Levels.- Flavonoids as Indicators of the Evolutionary Process: Flavonoids and Populational Variation; Flavonoids and Hybridization and Introgression.- Flavonoids and Phylogeny: Flavonoid Relationships with other Families; Evolution of the Flavonoid System in Asteraceae.- Addendum.- References.- Common Names of Flavonoids Used in This Book and Their Equivalents.- Chemical Index.- Subject Index.- Taxon Index
This book is unique in providing the first comprehensive compilation of available flavanoid data for a large plant family, in this case the Asteraceae ... it will provide an invaluable source of references to the enormous number of flavanoid constituents discovered in the family during the chemosystematic investigations carried out over the last ca. 40 years ... Phytochemistry 58 (2001)