The book fills a gap in the steadily expanding field of applying fractals to the earth science system. In this book the concept of fractal-scaling is applied to a variety of geophysical problems, illustrating what scaling laws really tell us and how they can used to solve various geophysical problems. Keeping in mind the broad range of readers interested in understanding earth's nonlinear dynamics, the authors address diverse recent advances related to fractals and scaling. These include broad applications of fractal theory in potential field methods, electrical and electromagnetic methods, geothermics and seismology, written by a panel of internationally known earth scientists from around the globe.
Introduction to fractals.- Application of fractal theory in potential field exploration methods.- Fractal modeling of complex subsurface geological structures: application to gravity exploration.- The route to fractals in magnetotelluric exploration of the crust.- Electrokinetic effect in fractal pore media.- Models of elastic and electrical properties of porous rock and their applicability to different scale phenomena.- Scaling evidences of thermal properties in earth's crust and its implications.- Fractal model of the earthquake process.- Earth system modeling through chaos.- Unified scaling for earthquake and its importance for earthquake prediction and evaluation of seismic risk.