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Readers will perhaps be suprised to find a volume about fungi within a handbook of vegitation science. Although fungi traditionally feature in textbooks on botany, at least since Whittaker (1969), they have mostly been categorized as an independent kingdom of organisms or, in contrast to the animal and plant kingdom, as probionta together with algae and protozoa. More relevant for ecology than the systematic separation of fungi from plants is the different lifestyle of fungi which, in contrast to most plants, live as parasites, saphrophytes or in symbiosis.
Theoretical factors aside, there are also practical methodological considerations which favour the distinction between fungal and plant communities, as has been shown for example by Dorfelt (1974). Despite their special position in the science of botany, the science of fungi has been dealt with in Fungi in Vegetation Science of vegetation science. It would be wrong to conclude that the differences between fungal and plant communities are not taken into account.
The reasons for including the former in Fungi in Vegetation Science are that mycocoenology developed from phytocoenology, the similarity of the methods and concepts still employed today and the close correlation between fungi and plants in biocoenoses.
- The analysis and classification of fungal communities with special reference to macrofungal, E.J.M. Arnolds
- macrofungal on soil in deciduous forests, A. Bujakiewicz
- macrofungi on soil in coniferous forests, G. Kost
- macrofungi communities outside forests, E.J.M. Arnolds
- macrofungi on special substrates, M. Lisiewska
- the analysis of communities of saprophytic microfungi, with special reference to doil fungi, W. Gams
- communities of parasitic microfungi, G. Hirsch and U. Braun