Gas-expanded liquids and near-critical fluids are tunable solvent media for conducting chemical reactions, separations, and materials processing. In recent years, there has been an expanding body of fundamental and applied research in the use of these media, particularly for applications to sustainable processes based on the principles of green chemistry and engineering.
This volume spans research and development activities ranging from theoretical and experimental investigations of the fundamental science underlying the field to developmental aspects of the technology for commercial applications. An introduction and overview of the field is included, as well as both new developments and reviews organized in the general topical areas of thermodynamics and transport properties (including both experimental and modeling studies), reactions, and materials processing. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first such compilation in this field with contributions from leading research groups.
"A compelling and important useful reference source for those interested in learning about gas-expanded liquids and potential applications. The volume has been impeccably presented and is a celebration of passion and commitment to the study of GXLs. It will not be surprising this volume will strike a great chord in research centers around the world aiming at future commercial applications."--Current Engineering Practice
INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW; Ch. 1: Gas-Expanded Liquids (GXLs): Fundamentals and Applications; THERMODYNAMICS AND TRANSPORT PROPERTIES: EXPERIMENT AND MODELING; Ch. 2: Phase Equilibrium, Structure and Transport Properties of Carbon Dioxide-Expanded Liquids: A Molecular Simulation Study; Ch. 3: On the Molecular-Based Modeling of Dilute Ternary Systems in Compressible Media: Formal Results and Thermodynamic Pitfalls; Ch. 4: Viewing the Cybotactic Structure of Gas-Expanded Liquids; Ch. 5: Solvatochromism and Solvation Dynamics in CO2-Expanded Liquids; Ch. 6: Phase Behavior and Equilibria of Ionic Liquids and Refrigerants: 1-Ethyl-3-Methyl-Imidazolium Bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ([EMIm][Tf2N]) and R-134a; REACTIONS; Ch. 7 In Situ Alkylcarbonic Acid Catalysts Formed in CO2-Expanded Alcohols; Ch. 8: Catalytic Oxidation Reactions in Carbon Dioxide Expanded Liquids Using the Green Oxidants Oxygen and Hydrogen Peroxide; Ch. 9: Hydrogenation of CO2-Expanded Liquid Terpenes: Phase Equilibrium-Controlled Kinetics; Ch. 10: Hydroformylation in CO2-Expanded Media; Ch. 11: Hydrogenation in Biphasic Ionic Liquid/Carbon Dioxide Systems; Ch. 12: Sulfur Trioxide Containing Caprolactamium Hydrogen Sulfate: An Expanded Ionic Liquid for Large Scale Production of e-Caprolactam; MATERIALS PROCESSING; Ch. 13: Emulsion-Templated Porous Materials using Concentrated Carbon Dioxide-in-Water Emulsions and Inexpensive Hydrocarbon Surfactants; Ch. 14: Fluoropolymer Synthesis in Carbon Dioxide Expanded Liquids: A Practical Approach to Avoid the Use of PFOA; Ch. 15: Green Methods for Processing and Utilizing Metal Complexes; Ch. 16: Application of Gas eXpanded Liquids for Nanoparticle Processing: Experiment and Theory; Ch. 17: Development of a Novel Precipitation Technique for the Production of Highly Respirable Powders: The Atomized Rapid Injection for Solvent Extraction (ARISE) Process
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