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About this book
About this book
The World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) in Johannesburg 2002 was the latest conference in an international process to manage environment and development issues that can be traced back to the late 1960s. Three milestones mark this 30-year process of social and political interaction: the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (UNCHE), held in Stockholm in 1972, the first international meeting at a high political level convened to address environmental issues; the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), held in Rio de Janeiro; and the WSSD, which attempted to set policy goals and targets for the global environmental and developmental challenges previously identified.
But what did the WSSD achieve? Following the summit there have been various opinions of its significance and its outputs, many of them negative. This book argues that there is a need to place the WSSD in its broader context. Understanding the connections between the WSSD and its precedents as well as those between this overall process and individual environmental decision-making processes (such as on climate change), and how they all contribute to the overall global policy process, adds a critical dimension to the analysis of the WSSD outcomes.
This book examines the challenges facing the global policy process for sustainable development as it continues beyond Johannesburg into the future. It combines a forward outlook with a historical perspective in tracing the evolution of selected cross-cutting themes on the agenda of the three conferences, the institutions and formal results of the process, and the actors and their patterns of interaction over time. The focus is on the decision-making dimension-the multilateral negotiations-which can be seen as the development over time of a pattern of interlinked political activities.
TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION Chapter 1: The multilateral process for sustainable development: past, present and future Angela Churie Kallhauge, Elisabeth Corell and Gunnar Sjostedt with Michael K. Dorsey Chapter 2: The accomplishments of the WSSD process: problems of outcome assessment Gunnar Sjostedt PART ONE: INSTITUTIONS AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE PROCESS Chapter 3: Where it all began: global efforts on sustainable development from Stockholm to Rio Bjorn-Ola Linner and Henrik Selin Chapter 4: The negotiating system of environment and development: a ten-year review Pamela Chasek Chapter 5: A commission will lead them? The UN Commission on Sustainable Development and UNCED follow-up Lynn M. Wagner PART TWO: ACTORS AND THEIR INTERPLAY Chapter 6: The future of the global politics of sustainable development: strategies for the South in the post-Johannesburg world Adil Najam Chapter 7: Friends and foes: industrialised countries in multilateral environmental negotiations Duncan R. Marsh Chapter 8: Three decades of NGO activism in international environmental negotiations: who influences NGOs? Wagaki Mwangi Chapter 9: Street-wise provocations: what the anti-globalisation movement can tell us about sustainable development Peter Doran Chapter 10: Partnerships for sustainable development: the role of Type II agreements Claire Norris PART THREE: PROCESS FUNCTIONS/CROSS-CUTTING THEMES Chapter 11: Knowledge processes in decision-making on sustainability: challenges for the future Elisabeth Corell and Goran Sundqvist Chapter 12: Financing for sustainable development Konrad von Moltke Chapter 13: Capacity building: North and South Stacy VanDeveer and Ambuj Sagar Chapter 14: Making the link: synergies in international environmental negotiations Angela Churie Kallhauge and Lisa Van Well CONCLUSION Chapter 15: After Johannesburg: an evolving sustainable development regime Gunnar Sjostedt, Lisa Van Well and Angela Churie Kallhauge