About this book
The world is caught in the mesh of a series of environmental crises. So far attempts at resolving the deep basis of these have been superficial and disorganized. "Global Political Ecology" links the political economy of global capitalism with the political ecology of a series of environmental disasters and failed attempts at environmental policies. This critical volume draws together contributions from 25 leading intellectuals in the field.
It begins with an introductory chapter that introduces the readers to political ecology and summaries the book's main findings. The following seven sections cover topics on the political ecology of war and the disaster state; fuelling capitalism - energy scarcity and abundance; global governance of health, bodies, and genomics; the contradictions of global food; capital's marginal product - effluents, waste, and garbage; water as a commodity, human right, and power; the functions and dysfunctions of the global green economy; and, political ecology of the global climate and carbon emissions.
This book contains accounts of the main currents of thought in each area that bring the topics completely up-to-date. The individual chapters contain a theoretical introduction linking in with the main themes of political ecology, as well as empirical information and case material. "Global Political Ecology" serves as a valuable reference for students interested in political ecology, environmental justice, and geography.
Chapter 1. Global Nature Michael Watts, Paul Robbins and Richard Peet Part I: Food, Health and the Body: Political Ecology of Sustainability Chapter 2. Excess Consumption or Over-production: US Farm Policy, Global Warming, and the Bizarre Atribution of Obesity Julie Guthman Chapter 3. Killing for Profit: Global Livestock Industries and their Socio-Ecological Implications Jody Emel and Harvey Neo Chapter 4. "Modern" Industrial Fisheries and the Crisis of Overfishing Becky Mansfield Chapter 5. When People Come First: AIDS, Technical Fixes, and Social Innovation in the Global Health Market Joao Biehl Part II: Capital's Margins: The Political Ecology the Slum World Chapter 6. Global Garbage: Waste, trash trading and local garbage politics Sarah A. Moore Chapter 7. Green evictions: Environmental discourses of a "slum-free" Delhi Asher Ghertner Part III: Risk, Certification and the Audit Economy: Political Ecology of Environmental Governance Chapter 8. The Politics of Certification: Consumer Knowledge, Power and Global Governance in Ecolabelling Sally Eden Chapter 9. Climate Change and the Risk Industry: The Multiplication of Fear and Value Leigh Johnson Chapter 10. Carbon colonialism? Offsets, Greenhouse Gas Reductions and Sustainable Development A. G. Bumpus and D. M. Liverman Part IV: War, Militarism and Insurgency: Political Ecology of Security Chapter 11. The Natures of the Beast: On the New Uses of the Honey Bee Jake Kosek Chapter 12. Taking the Jungle out of the Forest: Counter-insurgency and the Making of National Natures Nancy Lee Peluso and Peter Vandergeest Chapter 13. Mutant Ecologies: Radioactive Life in Post-Cold War New Mexico Joseph Masco Part V: Fuelling Capitalism: Energy Scarcity and Abundance Chapter 14. Past Peak Oil: Political Economy of Energy Crises Gavin Bridge Chapter 15: Energy, Security, and Discourses of Empire and Terror Mazen Labban Part VI: Blue Ecology: the Political Ecology of Water Chapter 16. Commons versus Commodities: Political ecologies of water privatization Karen Bakker Chapter 17. The Social Construction of Scarcity: The Case of Water in Western India Lyla Mehta Part VII: Biopolitics and Political Ecology: Genes, Transgenes and Genomics Chapter 18. Governing Disorder: Biopolitics and the Molecularization of Life Bruce Braun Chapter 19. Transnational Transgenes: The Political Ecology of Maize in Mexico Joel Wainwright and Kristin L. Mercer
Richard Peet holds degrees from the London School of Economics (BSc (Econ)), the University of British Columbia (MA) and the University of California, Berkeley (PhD). He is currently Professor of Geography at Clark University, Worcester, MA. His interests are development, global policy regimes, power, theory and philosophy, political ecology and the causes of financial crises. He is the author of 12 books, 100 articles, and 50 book reviews. Paul Robbins holds a BA in Anthropology for the University of Wisconsin and an MA and PhD in Geography from Clark University. He is currently Professor and Director of the School of Geography and Development at the University of Arizona, where his work focuses on the power-laden relationships between individuals (homeowners, hunters, professional foresters), environmental actors (lawns, elk, mesquite trees), and the institutions that connect them. Michael J. Watts is Professor of Geography, and Director of Development Studies at the University of California, Berkeley where he has taught for thirty years. His research has addressed a number of development issues especially food security, resource development and land reform in Africa, South Asia and Vietnam. He has written extensively on the oil industry, especially in West Africa and the Gulf of Guinea. Watts was a Guggenheim fellow in 2003 and was awarded the Victoria Medal by the Royal Geographical Society in 2004.