Groundwater intensive use is aimed to contribute to a more transparent, objective, and unbiased information on the pros and cons of intensive groundwater development, based on the experience in many countries during the last decades. A first group of authors present the positive and negative general aspects of intensive use of groundwater. A second group of authors provide an overview on the specific situation in some significant regions of the world where there is an intensive use of this resource.
The book is written by authors from different countries and disciplines. The scope is not only to present the conventional hydrogeological aspects of the issue, but more importantly, the ecological, legal, institutional, economic, and social challenges and opportunities of such intensive groundwater use. It should be clear that different scientists, experts and stakeholders may interpret a given situation very differently, perceptions also change through time, and possible solutions are not unique and may often involve trade-offs, and accommodation to local circumstances, established policies and politics. Nevertheless, it is intended to propose actions in order to assure a sustainable groundwater development. It is expected that this book may constitute a step-forward to help clarify the importance of groundwater and its far-reaching implications. Among these implications can be mentioned the general relevance of groundwater development to eradicate poverty through providing potable water and food to the poor in a cheap and fast way.
Contents; Presentation IX; E. Custodio; Foreword XIII; M. R. Llamas; Sponsors XV; ETHICAL, ECONOMICAL, AND LEGAL ASPECTS; Ethical issues in relation to intensive groundwater use 03; M.R. Llamas and P. Martinez-Santos; Governing the groundwater economy: comparative analysis of national institutions and policies in; South Asia, China and Mexico 23; T. Shah; Socio-Ecology of groundwater irrigation in South Asia: an overview of issues and evidence 53; A. Mukherji and T. Shah; Legal issues of intensive use of groundwater 79; A. Embid; Intensive use of groundwater in the European Union Water Framework Directive 93; J. Samper; CASE HISTORIES; Making intensive use of groundwater more sustainable -- key lessons from field experience 105; S. Foster, H. Garduno, K. Kemper, A. Tuinhof and M. Nanni; Aquifer overexploitation in Libya -- the Gefara plain case 127; O.M. Salem; Lessons from intensively used transboundary river basin agreements for transboundary aquifers 137; S. Puri, L. Gaines, A. Wolf and T. Jarvis; Opportunities and challenges of intensive use of groundwater in Sub-Saharan Africa 147; C. Colvin and B. Chipimpi; Overview of the groundwater resources of Canada 157; A. Rivera and M. Nastev; Intensive use of groundwater in Latin America 167; E.M. Bocanegra; Intensive use of aquifers by mining activity in Northern Chile 177; O. Acosta; Prelims.qxd 2/16/05 3:40 PM Page V; VI; Contents; IMPACTS; The impact of intense urban and mine abstraction of water on groundwater resources of the; regional Triassic aquifer systems (Southern Poland) 189; A. Kowalczyk; Priority rights for nature: a true constraint on aquifer over-exploitation? 199; E. Feitelson; Effects of localised intensive aquifer exploitation on the Donana wetlands (SW Spain) 209; M. Manzano, E. Custodio, C. Mediavilla and C. Montes; Poverty alleviation versus mass poisoning: the dilemma of groundwater irrigation in Bangladesh 221; M. Mainuddin; Fluoride contamination of groundwater in India -- country update 237; H.T. Chaturvedi, D. Chandrasekharam and A.A. Jalihal; Impacts of increasing abstraction on groundwater quality in two areas of Southern Yemen 245; J. Dottridge and P. Hardisty; When intensive exploitation is a blessing: effects of ceasing intensive exploitation in the city of; Barcelona 253; E. Vazquez-Sune, X. Sanchez-Vila, J. Carrera and R. Arandes; Effect of intensive pumping of infiltrated water in the Placa de la Vila parking lot in; Sant Adria del Besos (Barcelona, Spain) 261; M. Ondiviela, E. Vazquez-Sune, J. Nilsson, J. Carrera, X. Sanchez-Vila and J. Casas; Predicting impacts of abstraction reduction for an aquifer with a century of exploitation 269; M. Shepley; Importance of hydrogeological modeling in the management of groundwater, a case study: the coast of Hermosillo Aquifer, Sonora, Mexico 277; M. Rangel-Medina, R. Monreal, M. Morales, J. Castillo and H. Valenzuela; The analysis of the intensive use of groundwater in the Upper Guadiana Basin (Spain) using a; numerical model 285; L. Martinez Cortina and J. Cruces; Evolution of groundwater intensive development in the coastal aquifer of Telde (Gran Canaria, Canarian archipelago, Spain) 295; M.C. Cabrera and E. Custodio; MANAGEMENT; Water management issues related to aquifer intensive use 309; E. Usunoff; Groundwater depletion and its socio--ecological consequences in Sabarmati river basin, India 319; M.D. Kumar, O.P. Singh and K. Singh; Intensive use of groundwater in North Gujarat, India. Challenges and opportunities 331; A.K. Sinha and R. Jain; Prelims.qxd 2/16/05 3:40 PM Page VI; VII; Contents; The study on sustainable groundwater resources and environmental management for the Langat; Basin in Basin in Malaysia 341; S. Suratman; CONJUNCTIVE USE; Effective management of water resources in a region of intensive groundwater use: a lesson from; Arizona's Valley of the Sun 353; M.R. Lluria; Water resources management of an overexploited aquifer. The Adra-Campo de Dalias system, Almeria, Spain 361; A. Sahuquillo, J. Andreu, M. Pulido, J. Paredes, A. Sanchez, V. Pinilla and J. Capilla. Opportunities of conjunctive use of groundwater and surface water 371; A. Rivera, A. Sahuquillo, J. Andreu and A. Mukherji; VALENCIA DECLARATION 385; Subject Index 387