Handbook of Citizen Science in Ecology and Conservation is the first practical and comprehensive manual for creating, implementing, or improving natural science research and monitoring projects that involve collaboration between scientists and the general public. As citizen science projects become increasingly common, project leaders are seeking information on concrete best practices for planning and implementing projects – practices that allow them to guide and gauge success while also ensuring the collection of high-quality data and rewarding experiences for volunteers. In Handbook of Citizen Science in Ecology and Conservation, citizen science practitioners from around the world and with decades of experience provide step-by-step instructions, insights, and advice, and they explore real-world applications through case studies from a variety of citizen science projects. This is the definitive reference guide for anyone interested in starting or improving a citizen science project with ecological or conservation applications, from professors and graduate students to agency staff and nongovernmental organizations.
List of Contributors
Foreword / Reed F. Noss
Introduction / Christopher A. Lepczyk, Owen D. Boyle, and Timothy L. V. Vargo
PART I Background
1 What Is Citizen Science? / Jennifer L. Shirk and Rick Bonney
2 The History of Citizen Science in Ecology and Conservation / Abraham J. Miller-Rushing, Richard B. Primack, Rick Bonney, and Emma Albee
3 Current Approaches to Citizen Science / Finn Danielsen, Teis Adrian, Per Moestrup Jensen, Jesus Muñoz, Jennifer L. Shirk, and Neil D. Burgess
PART II Planning and Implementation of Citizen Science Projects
4 Project Planning and Design / John C. Tweddle, Helen E. Roy, Lucy D. Robinson, and Michael J. O. Pocock
5 Legal, Ethical, and Policy Considerations / Anne Bowser, Andrea Wiggins, and Elizabeth Tyson
6 Recruitment and Building the Team / Michelle D. Prysby
7 Retaining Citizen Scientists / Rachel Goad, Susanne Masi, and Pati Vitt
8 Training 99 / Heidi L. Ballard and Emily M. Harris
9 Collecting High-Quality Data / Alycia W. Crall, David Mellor, Steven Gray, and Gregory Newman
10 Data Management and Visualization / Gregory Newman, Sarah Newman, Russell Scarpino, Nicole Kaplan, Alycia W. Crall, and Stacy Lynn
11 Reporting Citizen Science Findings / Eva J. Lewandowski and Karen Oberhauser
12 Program Evaluation / Rebecca Jordan, Amanda Sorensen, and Steven Gray
13 How Participation in Citizen Science Projects Impacts Individuals / Rebecca Christoffel
PART III Citizen Science in Practice
14 From Tiny Acorns Grow Mighty Oaks: What We Have Learned from Nurturing Nature’s Notebook / Theresa M. Crimmins, LoriAnne Barnett, Ellen G. Denny, Alyssa H. Rosemartin, Sara N. Schaffer, and Jake F. Weltzin
15 Citizen Science at the Urban Ecology Center: A Neighborhood Collaboration / Jennifer Callaghan, Beth Fetterley Heller, Anne Reis-Boyle, Jessica L. Orlando, and Timothy L. V. Vargo
16 Driven to Discover: A Case Study of Citizen Science as a Springboard to Science Learning / Andrea Lorek Strauss, Karen Oberhauser, Nathan J. Meyer, and Pamela Larson Nippolt
17 Challenges of Forest Citizen Involvement in Biodiversity Monitoring in Protected Areas of Brazilian Amazonia / Pedro de Araujo Lima Constantino
18 Documenting the Changing Louisiana Wetlands through Community-Driven Citizen Science / Shannon Dosemagen and Scott Eustis
19 Reef Check California: Scuba-Diving Citizen Scientists Monitor Rocky Reef Ecosystems / Jan Freiwald and Andrew Beahrs
Christopher A. Lepczyk is Professor in the School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences at Auburn University. Owen D. Boyle is Chief of Species Management for the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Natural Heritage Conservation Program. Timothy L. V. Vargo is Manager of Research and Community Science at the Urban Ecology Center in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
"I can hardly imagine initiating a citizen-science project without first reading this book!"
– from the foreword by Reed F. Noss, President, Florida Institute for Conservation Science
"No longer the new kid on the block, citizen science is now a critical form of scientific research – and this is its first guide for practitioners. From planning to executing to evaluating citizen science research, the range of useful material in this book is astounding."
– Allen Fish, Golden Gate National Parks Conservancy