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About this book
About this book
Provides a comprehensive overview of ecosystem theory and the tools - ecological engineering, ecological modeling, ecotoxicology and ecological economics - to manage these systems. Also provides a summary or survey of each topic, and concepts, definitions, important findings, basic hypotheses, important correlations between theories and observation with illustrative graphs are included.
Contents: Introduction: Development of Systems Ecology by - the Editors. Application of Thermodynamics in Ecosystem Theories -S.E. Jorgensen. The Four Laws of Thermodynamics Applied on Ecosystems - S.E. Jorgensen. Emergent Properties of Ecosystems - S.N. Nielsen. Hierarchy Theory in Ecology - F. Muller. Information Measures in Ecology -S. N. Nielsen. Network Theory , Utility Theory and Indirect Effect - B. Patten. Network Theory and Ascendancy - R. Ulanowicz. Ecological Attributes - H. Bossel. Cybernetics Applied in Ecology - M. Straskraba. Catastrophe Theory Applied to Ecology. Chaos Theory Applied to Ecology. Modeling as a Tool in Ecosystems - S.E. Jorgensen. Stability of Ecological Systems - Y. Svirezhev. Ecological Indicators and Ecosystem Health - D. Rapport. Application of Ecological Engineering as a Tool in Ecosystem Management - A.K. Baswas. Research on the Ecosystem Level - F. Muller. Ecological Economics as a Tool in Ecosystem Management - C. Folke. Ecotoxicity and Ecosystem Theory - B.H. Sorensen. Development of Ecosystems - F. Muller. Climate and Ecosystems - M. Straskraba. Conclusions: The State of the Art of Ecosystem Theory and Management. Index.