This conference is a follow-up to the 4th Ministerial Conference on Environment for Europe, held in 1997 in Aarhus, where the ministers adopted a declaration recognising the importance of integrating environmental considerations into sectoral policies. The conference assessed how different agricultural policies may promote the biological and landscape diversity of European agricultural land. It made recommendations to states and relevant organisations and provided input to policy work and programmes within the framework of the Convention on Biological Diversity, the Ministerial Conference, the Convention to Combat Desertification and the EU's Common Agricultural Policy and national policy developments. The recommendations were formulated by experts and presented in background reports on the different themes covered by the conference. These reports and their recommendations, which formed the basis of the final declaration of the conference, are presented in this volume.