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About this book
About this book
As the fallout from the Seattle meeting of the World Trade Organization (WTO) continues, Madeley explores some key questions about the free trade that it advocates.
Part 1 Seattle 1999: preparation; trade rounds; NGO activity; agriculture split; the ministerial; the collapse. Part 2 Food scurity - the causes of insecurity: food insecurity; poor soils; desertification; women farmers have been neglected; disasters; lack of spending on agriculture; foreign debt; conflict; lack of democracy; climate change; population and land; water; loss of crop diversity; inadequate funding for health; fisheries under attack. Part 3 Trade liberalization: the case for free trade; the case against; export-dominated trade policies. Part 4 International organizations and policy affecting trade and food security: World Bank/International Monetary Fund; the World Trade Organization; United Nations bodies - UNCTAD, FAO, UNDP; European Union; food dumping. Part 5 Trade liberalization and food security - the evidence: FAO study; NGO 36 country study; India; farmers speak; Zimbabwe; milk in Uruguay; roses in India; World Bank study. Part 6 Corporate managed trade - patents: power; patents and trade-related intellectual property rights (TRIPs); TRIPs; biopiracy; basmati rice; the future. Part 7 Corporate managed trade - genetically modified foods: NGOs and GM foods; labelling; protocol; conclusion; box - ten reasons. Part 8 Putting food security into trade - NGOs speak: 14 development NGO recommendations; Friends of the Earth; Via Campesina; proposals on TRIPs; Food First; CAFOD; UK Food Group; footnote - discrimination; box - why reform of the WTO is the wrong agenda. Part 9 Conclusion - food security with less trade?: permaculture; pesticide reductions; Brazil; Cuba; fair trade; conclusion.