640 pages, 233 illustrations, 20 tables
Originally published in 2004, this is a comprehensive review of the subject of the nature, causes, and consequences of fluid flow in oceanic crust, setting in context much research for the first time. Hydrogeology of the Oceanic Lithosphere begins with a concise review of the relatively brief history of its subject which began shortly after the dawning of plate-tectonic theory. It then describes the nature and important consequences of fluid flow in the sub-seafloor, ending with a summary of how the oceans are affected by the surprisingly rapid exchange of water between the crust and the water column overhead. The accompanying internet material includes a full and easily navigated set of diagrams and captions, references, and photos of research vessels, submersibles, and tools used in marine hydrologic studies. A valuable resource for graduate students and researchers of Earth Sciences and Oceanography.
"[...] a concise review of the relatively brief history of its subject [...] a valuable sourse for graduate students and researchers of Earth sciences and oceanography."
- Environmental Geology
Introduction E. E. Davis and H. Elderfield
Part I. The Background:
1. Variability of heat flux through the sea floor: discovery of hydrothermal circulation in the oceanic crust J. G. Sclater
2. Foundations of research into heat, fluid, and chemical fluxes in oceanic crust H. Elderfield, K. Becker and E. E. Davis
Part II. Hydrological Structure, Properties, and State of the Oceanic Crust:
3. Variability of ocean crustal structure created along the global midocean ridge S. M. Carbotte and D. S. Scheirer
4. Fracturing and fluid flow in the oceanic crust: insights from borehole imaging and other downhole measurements D. Goldberg, G. J. Iturrino and K. Becker
5. Hydrothermal ageing of oceanic crust: inferences from seismic refraction and borehole studies I. Grevemeyer and A. Bartetzko
6. Sediment permeability, distribution, and influence on fluxes in oceanic basement G. A. Spinelli, E. R. Giambalvo and A. T. Fisher
7. In situ determinations of the permeability of the igneous oceanic crust K. Becker and E. E. Davis
8. Observations of temperature and pressure: constraints on ocean crustal hydrologic state, properties, and flow E. E. Davis and K. Becker
9. Hydrothermal insights from the Troodos ophiolite, Cyprus J. Cann and K. Gillis
Part III. Heat and Fluid Fluxes:
10. Deep-seated oceanic heat flow, heat deficits, and hydrothermal circulation R. N. Harris and D. S. Chapman
11. Rates of flow and patterns of fluid circulation A. T. Fisher
12. Applying fundamental principles and mathematical models to understand processes and estimate parameters K. Wang
13. Geothermal evidence for continuing hydrothermal circulation in older (>60 M.y.) ocean crust R. P. Von Herzen
Part IV: Geochemical State and Water-Rock Reactions
14. Alterations and mass transport in high-temperature hydrothermal systems at mid-ocean ridges: controls on the chemical and isotopic evolution of axial vent fluids W. E. Seyfried Jr and W. C. Shanks III
15. Alteration of the upper oceanic crust: mineralogy, chemistry, and processes J. C. Alt
16. Ridge flank sediment - fluid interactions M. Kastner and M. D. Rudnicki
17. Microbial reactions in marine sediments J. P. Telling, E. R. C. Hornibrook and R. J. Parkes
18. Microbial mediation of oceanic crust alteration H. Staudigel and H. Furnes
Part V. Geochemical Fluxes:
19. Geochemical fluxes through mid-ocean ridge flanks C. G. Wheat and M. J. Mottl
20. Insight into the hydrogeology and alteration of oceanic lithosphere based on subduction zones and arc volcanism S. M. Peacock
21. Hydrothermal fluxes in a global context M. Bickle and H. Elderfield
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Earl Davis is a senior research scientist at the Pacific Geoscience Centre, Geological Survey of Canada. Harry Elderfield is Professor of Ocean Geochemistry and Palaeochemistry in the Department of Earth Sciences, University of Cambridge.