262 pages, 6 colour & 9 b/w illustrations, 40 tables
Institutional Arrangements for Conservation, Development and Tourism in Eastern and Southern Africa presents an overview of different institutional arrangements for tourism, biodiversity conservation and rural poverty reduction in eastern and southern Africa. These approaches range from conservancies in Namibia, community-based organizations in Botswana, conservation enterprises in Kenya, private game reserves in South Africa, to sport hunting in Uganda and transfrontier conservation areas. The book presents a comparative analysis of these arrangements and highlights that most arrangements emerged in the 1990s through either a decentralized or centralized change trajectory that was sponsored by donors.
They aim to address some of the challenges of the 'fortress' types of conservation by combining principles of community-based natural resource management with a neoliberal approach to conservation, evident in the use of tourism as the main mechanism for accruing benefits from wildlife. Institutional Arrangements for Conservation, Development and Tourism in Eastern and Southern Africa illustrates the empirical relevance of these novel arrangements by presenting their growth in numbers and discuss how these arrangements differ in their form. With respect to the conservation and development impacts of these arrangements, we show that they have secured large amounts of land for conservation, but also generated governance challenges and disputes on tourism benefit sharing, affecting the stability of these arrangements to generate socioeconomic and conservation benefits.
Chapter 1. Novel institutional arrangements for tourism, conservation and development in eastern and southern Africa
Chapter 2. From exploitation to ownership: Wildlife-based tourism and communal area conservancies in Namibia
Chapter 3. The Tsiseb conservancy: how communities, the state and the market struggle for its success
Chapter 4. Community-based natural resource management in Botswana
Chapter 5. Community Empowerment through Community-based Tourism: The Case of Chobe Enclave Conservation Trust in Botswana
Chapter 6. Private game reserves in Southern Africa
Chapter 7. False legitimacies: The rhetoric of economic opportunities in the expansion of conservation areas in southern Africa
Chapter 8. Hunting for conservation? The re-introduction of sport hunting in Uganda examined
Chapter 9. The evolution and progression of Transfrontier Conservation Areas in the Southern African Development Community
Chapter 10. The Selous-Niassa Transfrontier Conservation Area and Tourism: Evolution, Benefits and Challenges
Chapter 11. Promoting conservation tourism: The case of the African Wildlife Foundation's tourism conservation enterprises in Kenya
Chapter 12. Implementing Tourism-Conservation Enterprises: a comparison of three lodges in Kenya
Chapter 13. A dynamic perspective on institutional arrangements for tourism, conservation and development in eastern and southern Africa
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