About this book
Long-term security of the global food supply requires a balance between increasing production and environmental sustainability. Both nutrient scarcities and surpluses alike can threaten this balance. Integrated Nutrient Management for Sustainable Crop Production examines the challenges of managing both organic and inorganic nutrient sources in agricultural systems where nutrients are deficient or in excess supply. Through a combination of theoretical and applied knowledge, this collection provides a practical understanding of how any type of production system can successfully adopt integrated nutrient management (INM).
A frank and factual discussion of the challenges and possibilities INM holds, Integrated Nutrient Management for Sustainable Crop Production brings together essays and scientists from around the world. This essential text presents international case studies on the potential for continuing production with a focus on sustainability. Comprehensive and wide-ranging in its scope, this accessible book looks at many concerns central to INM-from the risks of excess supply and depletion to technological requirements for improved management. Here is a single source that not only presents a range of options for managing nutrients, but offers viable ideas for future directions as well.
Along with a wealth of informative maps, graphs, and tables, some of the topics covered in Integrated Nutrient Management for Sustainable Crop Production include:
* trends in global food, feed, and fiber production and consumption
* current and future challenges of nutrient depletion and excess
* socio-economic factors of implementing INM
* crop production and nutrient removals in harvests
* monitoring soil fertility levels in the USA
* agricultural production and nutrient balances in Canada
* the European experience
* concepts from New Zealand
* technical requirements for INM in South Asia
* benefits and limitations of chemical fertilizers for China
* green manures
* Southeast Asia's INM techniques
* cases from South America
* experience from Sub-Saharan Africa
* case studies from the Middle East
* and many more!
About the Editors Contributors Foreword (Paul E. Fixen) Preface Chapter 1. Global Food Production and Plant Nutrient Demand: Present Status and Future Prospects (Luc M. Maene, Kristen E. Sukalac, and Patrick Heffer) Introduction Trends in Global Food, Feed, and Fiber Production and Consumption Trends in Global Nutrient Demand Conclusions Chapter 2. Integrated Nutrient Management: Present Status and Future Prospects (Cynthia A. Grant, Milkha S. Aulakh, and A. E. Johnny Johnston) Introduction The Challenge of Nutrient Depletion The Challenge of Nutrient Excess Challenges for Integrated Nutrient Management Future Challenges Chapter 3. Integrated Nutrient Management: Experience and Concepts from the United States (Mark M. Alley, Dwayne G. Westfall, and Gregory L. Mullins) Introduction Major Climatic Regions and Crop Production Crop Production and Nutrient Removals in Harvests Monitoring Soil Fertility Levels in the United States Manure Nutrient Sources Nutrient Use Nutrient Sources and Soil Fertility Maintenance Nutrient Management Plans Research Needs Chapter 4. Integrated Nutrient Management: Experience and Concepts from Canada (Sukhdev S. Malhi, Cynthia A. Grant, Denis A. Angers, Adrian M. Johnston, Jeff J. Schoenau, and Craig F. Drury) Introduction Major Soil/Climatic Regions and Cropping Systems Agriculture Production and Nutrient Balances Fertilizers and Sustainable Development Technical Requirements for INM Case Studies Research Accomplishments, Gaps, and Future Needs Conclusions Chapter 5. Integrated Nutrient Management: The European Experience (Paolo Sequi, A. E Johnny Johnston, Rosa Francaviglia, and Roberta Farina) Introduction Background Major Soil Classes, Climatic Zones, and Agricultural Production Systems Agricultural Production, Nutrient Use, and Issues Farming Practices and Environmental Issues Integrated Nutrient Management and Agri-Environmental Policies Appendix 1. Appendix 2. Appendix 3. Chapter 6. Integrated Nutrient Management: Experience and Concepts from New Zealand (Antony H. C. Roberts, Tony J. van der Weerden, and Douglas C. Edmeades) Introduction Major Soil and Climatic Regions and Major Cropping Systems Agricultural Production and Nutrient Balances Fertilizers and Sustainable Development Integrated Nutrient Management Technical Requirements for INM Actual Implementation and INM Discussion of Cases Research Gaps and Future Research Needs Summary and Conclusion Chapter 7. Integrated Nutrient Management: Experience from South Asia (Milkha S. Aulakh and Guriqbal Singh) Introduction Climate Major Crops Agricultural Production and Nutrient Consumption Benefits and Limitations of Chemical Fertilizers Integrated Nutrient Management Practices Technical Requirements for INM Constraints for Implementation of INM Research Gaps and Future Needs Summary and Conclusions Chapter 8. Integrated Nutrient Management: Experience from China (Bao Lin, Jianchang Xie, Ronggui Wu, Guangxi Xing, and Zhihong Li) Introduction Major Agricultural Regions and Cropping Systems Agricultural Production, Fertilization, and Nutrient Balance Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) Benefits and Limitations of Chemical Fertilizers Fertilizer and Agriculture Sustainability Chapter 9. Integrated Nutrient Management: Experiences from Rice-Based Systems in Southeast Asia (Dan C. Olk, Mathias Becker, Bruce A. Linquist, Sushil Pandey, and Christian Witt) Introduction Integrated Nutrient Management in Rainfed Rice Green Manures Integrated Nutrient Management in Irrigated Lowland Rice Socioeconomic Constraints to Adoption of Improved Nutrient Management Technologies Conclusions Chapter 10. Integrated Nutrient Management: Experience from South America (Bernardo van Raij, Alfredo Scheid Lopes, Eduardo Casanova, and Martin Diaz-Zorita) Introduction Main Ecosystems and Cropping Systems Agricultural Production and Nutrient Balances Fertilizers and Sustainable Development Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) Technical Requirements for INM Actual Implementation of INM Discussion of Cases Research Gaps and Future Research Needs Summary and Conclusion Chapter 11. Integrated Nutrient Management: Concepts and Experience from Sub-Saharan Africa (Andre Bationo, Job Kihara, Bernard Vanlauwe, Joseph Kimetu, Boaz S. Waswa, and Kanwar L. Sahrawat) Introduction Overview of Soil Fertility Status in Africa Evolution of Soil Fertility Paradigm in Africa ISFM Experiences in SSA Conclusions Chapter 12. Integrated Nutrient Management: Experience and Concepts from the Middle East (Uzi Kafkafi and David J. Bonfil) Introduction Major Soils, Climatic Regions, and Major Cropping Systems Agricultural Production and Nutrient Balance Case Study of Wheat Index Reference Notes Included