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Ion Partitioning in Ambient-Temperature Aqueous Systems

Series: EMU Notes in Mineralogy Volume: 10
By: Manuel Prieto(Editor), Heather Stoll(Editor)
420 pages, b/w photos, colour & b/w illustrations, tables
Ion Partitioning in Ambient-Temperature Aqueous Systems
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  • Ion Partitioning in Ambient-Temperature Aqueous Systems ISBN: 9780903056267 Paperback Nov 2010 Usually dispatched within 1-2 weeks
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About this book

From the preface:

"On the surface of the Earth, the intermingling of water and minerals gives rise to a diverse suite of reactions that determine the purity of water we drink, the fate of contaminants we emit, and the composition of minerals and biominerals that we use to interpret past environmental conditions from the sediment archive. Human societies have ubiquitous exposure to the outcome of these mineral–water reactions. Understanding in detail the ion partitioning in mineral–water interactions is of fundamental importance to geochemical studies and ultimately to society. The solid-solution properties of minerals are a significant part of the complexity, and also the importance, of these ion-partitioning reactions. Natural minerals always contain a certain proponion of trace elements in solid solution. These trace elements, precisely because of their rarity, often have a disproportionately large impact on living organisms as is the case for familiar toxic metals such as As and Cd. A clear understanding of ion partitioning behaviour is therefore essential for environmental objectives such as scavenging heavy metals from solution, remediating contamination in soils, or ensuring safe, long-term storage of anthropogenic CO2 or radionuclides in geological reservoirs. Materials science has also taken a new look at the role of trace-element and ion partitioning in regulating biomineralization. Finally, the last several decades have seen a surge in interest in reconstructing past climate and environmental conditions from the sediment archive. An accurate interpretation of ion partitioning is essential to the correct interpretation of records from diverse systems like stalagmites, corals, or shells of marine foraminifera. Given this wide range of applications for ion partitioning, it is fortunate that theoretical and thermodynamic frameworks for modelling ion partitioning have advanced significantly in the last decade. We believe that it is an opportune time to convene experts on ion partitioning from a range of perspectives, from theoretical to applied, to exchange knowledge across these topics and through this exchange, maximize the advances that have been made in the discipline. We are pleased to be able to convene these experts in person, at the European Mineralogical School in Oviedo in June 2010 to share these advances with each other and with the next generation of geochemists. It is our hope that this book will serve most crucially as a bridge through which researchers in one aspect of ion partitioning will be able to productively venture into complementary systems and models to better solve their research goals and perhaps be inspired with new research questions."

Contents

Chapter 1: Thermodynamics of ion partitioning in solid solution-aqueous solution systems
Manuel Prieto

Chapter 2: Effects of kinetics and mechanisms of crystal growth on ion-partitioning in solid solution–aqueous solution (SS-AS) systems
Andrew Putnis

Chapter 3: Geochemical thermodynamic modelling of ion partitioning
Dmitrii A. Kulik

Chapter 4: Metal-ion partitioning during low-temperature precipitation and dissolution of anhydrous carbonates and sulphates
Michael E. Böttcher and Martin Dietzel

Chapter 5: Ion partitioning and element mobilisation during mineral replacement reactions in natural and experimental systems
Christine V. Putnis and Lurdes Fernandez Diaz

Chapter 6: Chemical equilibrium  between aqueous fluids and minerals in the marine environment
Christophe Monnin and Guilhem Hoareau

Chapter 7: Trace element variations in stalagmites: controls by climate and by karst system processes
Ian J. Fairchild and Adam Hartland

Chapter 8: Dissolution, sorption/(re)precipitation, formation of solid solutions and crystal growth phenomena on mineral surfaces: implications for the removal of toxic metals from the environment
Athanasios Godelitsas and José M. Astilleros

Chapter 9: Water-CO2-rock interaction during carbon sequestration
Eric H. Oelkers and Sigurdur R. Gislason

Chapter 10: Solid solution formation and the long-term safety of nuclear waste disposal
Dirk Bosbach

Chapter 11: Ion Partitioning and the Geochemistry of Coral Skeletons: Solving the Mystery of the Vital Effect
Anne L. Cohen and Glenn A. Gaetani

Chapter 12: Ion partitioning and trace-element proxies in foraminifera and coccoliths
H. Stoll

Customer Reviews

Series: EMU Notes in Mineralogy Volume: 10
By: Manuel Prieto(Editor), Heather Stoll(Editor)
420 pages, b/w photos, colour & b/w illustrations, tables
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