A uniquely collaborative analysis of human adaptation to the Polynesian islands told through oral histories, biophysical evidence, and historical records
Humans began to settle in the area we know as Polynesia between 3,000 and 800 years ago, bringing with them material culture, including plants and animals, and ideas about societal organization, and then adapting to the specific biophysical features of the islands they discovered. The authors of this book analyze the formation of their human-environment systems using oral histories, biophysical evidence, and historical records, arguing that the Polynesian islands can serve as useful models for how human societies in general interact with their environments.
The islands’ clearly defined (and relatively isolated) environments, comparatively recent discovery by humans, and innovative and dynamic societies allow for insights not available when studying other cultures. Kamana Beamer, Te Maire Tau, and Peter Vitousek have collaborated with a dozen other scholars, many of them Polynesian, to show how these cultures adapted to novel environments in the past and how we can draw insights for global sustainability today.
Kamanamaikalani Beamer is professor and Dana Naone Hall Endowed Chair, University of Hawai‘i at Manoa. Te Maire Tau is an associate professor and director, of the Ngai Tahu Studies Centre at Canterbury University in New Zealand. Peter M. Vitousek is a professor of biology, Clifford G. Morrison Professor of Population and Resource Studies, and a senior fellow at the Woods Institute for the Environment at Stanford University.
"Islands and Cultures is very important in its content, voice, and coverage. Each chapter is rich with new ideas, and every author brings a different kind of evidence to explore their focal place and peoples."
– Eleanor Sterling, director, Hawai'i Institute of Marine Biology
"This book seeks – and at times finds – the confluence where the waters of Western knowledge and Pacific indigenous knowledge meet. Humanity's future path is there, a path by which our Mother the Earth and all of her descendants may yet thrive."
– Justice Sir Joe Williams, New Zealand Supreme Court
"Islands and Cultures provides a unique contribution in demonstrating how the ideology, epistemology, and science of Polynesian worldviews are woven together to create and maintain the living universe."
– Joseph P. Brewer II, University of Kansas