One hundred forty-eight species of jewel beetles are included in a study of the South Carolina Buprestidae. The list of species includes some questionable records and 37 species reported from nearby states that should be found in South Carolina. Nine species represent new state records.
Keys are provided to distinguish all South Carolina genera and species. For each species, we include at least one photo, any synonyms, a brief description, larval host and adult collection records, overall distribution, South Carolina records, and months that adults have been found in the state. For each valid genus, the type species, any synonyms, and a brief description are provided.