Man's complex relationship to planet Earth is explored in this second edition of the landmark anthology edited by Frank Rhodes and Bruce Malamud. This volume provides a portrait of the planet as experienced not just by scientists, but by artists, aviators, poets, philosophers, novelists, historians, and sociologists as well. It is a unique collection that bridges the gap between science and humanities.
This book contains writings by scientists, artists, aviators, poets, philosophers, novelists, historians, and sociologists, including Charles Darwin, Dane Picard, Rachel Carson, John Muir, Mark Twain and Archibald Geikie. It represents the human experience over the centuries, covering a span of 2,500 years. It reflects the planet's extraordinary physical diversity. The previous edition was voted one of the 25 'Great Books of Geology' by readers of the "Journal of Geological Education".
PART 1: THE EARTH EXPERIENCED1. Eyewitness Accounts of Earth Events1.1 John McPhee: Los Angeles Against the Mountains1.2 Gordon Gaskill: The Night the Mountain Fell1.3 R.G. McConnell and R.W. Brock: The Turtle Mountain Slide1.4 Voltaire: Candide1.5 James R. Newman: The Lisbon Earthquake1.6 Mary Austin: The Temblor1.7 Jonathan Weiner: The Alaskan Good Friday Earthquake1.8 Francis P. Shepard: Tsunami1.9 Haroun Tazieff: Not a Very Sensible Place for a Stroll1.10 Fairfax Downey: Last Days of St. Pierre1.11 Hans Cloos: Beacons on the Passage Out1.12 Jon. Thorlaksson: Eruption of the Oraefajokull, 17272. Exploration2.1 Charles Darwin: The Voyage of the Beagle2.2 Simon Winchester: The Map that Changed the World2.3 John Wesley Powell: The Exploration of the Colorado River2.4 William H. Brewer: Mono Lake - Aurora - Sonora Pass2.5 George F. Sternberg: Thrills in Fossil Hunting2.6 John E. Pfeiffer: The Creative Explosion2.7 George Gaylord Simpson: Attending Marvels: a Patagonian Journal2.8 Robert D. Ballard: Explorations2.10 Louise B. Young: The Blue Planet3. Geologists are also Human3.1 Stephen Drury: Stepping Stones3.2 Elizabeth O.B. Gordon: William Buckland3.3 Hugh Miller: The Old Red Sandstone3.4 Sir Archibald Geikie: A Long Life's Work3.5 Frank H.T. Rhodes: Life, Time, and Darwin3.6 R.A. Bartlett: King's Formative Years3.7 M.E. David: With Shackleton in the Antarctic3.8 W.H. Goetzmann: The Great Diamond Hoax3.9 Luna B. Leopold, Paul D. Komar, and Vance Hayes: Sand, Wind, and War3.10 Hans Cloos: Ship's Wake4. Celebrities4.1 H. Stommel: Benjamin Franklin and the Gulf Stream4.2 Thomas Clements: Leonardo da Vinci as a Geologist4.3 R. Magnus: Mineralogy, Geology, Meteorology4.4 E.T. Martin: Megalonyx, Mammoth, and Mother Earth4.5 William A. Stanley: Three Short, Happy Months4.6 W.G. Collingwood: Mountain-Worship4.7 Herbert C. Hoover: Stanford University, 1891-1895 PART 2: INTERPRETING THE EARTH5. Philosophy5.1 James Hutton: Concerning the System of the Earth5.2 T.C. Chamberlin: The Method of Multiple Working Hypotheses5.3 George G. Simpson: Historical Science5.4 Stephen Jay Gould: What is a Species?5.5 Christine Turner: Messages in Stone5.6 Marcia G. Bjornerud: Natural Science, Natural Resources, and the Nature of Nature5.7 Ian Stewart: Does God Play Dice?6. The Fossil Record6.1 Frank H.T. Rhodes: Earth and Man6.2 Donald Culross Peattie: Flowering Earth6.3 Robert Claiborne: Habits and Habitats6.4 James A. Michener: Diplodocus, the Dinosaur6.5 Berton Roueche: A Window on the Oligocene6.6 Samantha Weinberg: A Fish Caught in Time6.7 Richard E. Leakey: Ape-like Ancestors6.8 Loren Eiseley: The Relic Men7. Geotectonics7.1 James A. Michener: From the Boundless Deep and the Birth of the Rockies7.2 Anna Grayson: When Pigs Ruled the Earth7.3 David Attenborough: The Living Planet7.4 William Glen: The Road to Jaramillo7.5 J. Tuzo Wilson: Mao's Almanac: 3,000 years of Killer Earthquakes7.6 Richard H. Jahns: Geologic Jeopardy8. Controversies8.1 William Irvine: Apes, Angels, and Victorians8.2 William L. Straus, Jr.: The Great Piltdown Hoax8.3 Howard S. Miller: Fossils and Free Enterprisers8.4 Charles Officer and Jake Page: The K-T Extinction8.5 Sir Archibald Geikie: The Founders of Geology8.6 Don E. Wilhelms: To a Rocky Moon8.7 Edward Schreiber and Orson L. Anderson: Properties and Composition of Lunar Materials: Earth Analogies8.8 Joel L. Swerdlow: CFCs PART 3: LANGUAGE OF THE EARTH9. Prose9.1 Isak Dinesen: Out of Africa9.2 T.E. Lawrence: Seven Pillars of Wisdom9.3 Ernest Hemingway: Green Hills of Africa9.4 Antoine de St. Exupery: Wind, Sand, and Stars9.5 John Fowles: The French Lieutenant's Woman9.6 John Muir: Trip to the Middle and North Forks of San Joaquin River9.7 Mark Twain: Roughing It9.8 Thomas Fairchild Sherman: A Place on the Glacial Till9.9 John McPhee: Basin and Range9.10 John Darnton: Neanderthal9.11 Tony Hillerman: A Thief of Time9.12 Sir Arthur Conan Doyle: The Lost World10. Poetry10.1 Sir Archibald Geikie: Landscape and Literature10.2 William Wordsworth: The Excursion10.3 Voltaire: The Lisbon Earthquake10.4 C.S. Rafinesque: Mineral Springs10.5 Timothy A. Conrad: To a Trilobite10.6 A.E. Housman: A Shropshire Lad10.7 Andrew C. Lawson: Mente et Malleo10.8 John Stuart Blackie: Selected poems10.9 Kenneth Rexroth: Lyell's Hypothesis Again10.10 A.R. Ammons: Selected poems10.11 Charles Simic: Stone10.12 J.T. Barbarese: Fossils10.13 Jane Hirshfield: Rock10.14 W. Scott McLean, Eldridge M. Moores, and David A. Robertson: Poetry Matters: Gary Snyder10.15 Book of Job, Chapter 28: Where Shall Wisdom be Found?11. Art11.1 Jacquetta Hawkes: A Land: Sculpture11.2 Jack Burnham: Beyond Modern Sculpture11.3 Elizabeth C. Childs: Time's Profile: John Wesley Powell, Art, and Geology at the Grand Canyon11.4 R.A. Bartlett: Thomas Moran: American Landscape Painter11.5 Diane Ackerman: Earth Calling PART 4: THE CROWDED PLANET12. Human History12.1 John D. Ridge: Minerals and World History12.2 Jacquetta Hawkes: A Land: Architecture12.3 Donald F. Eschman and Melvin G. Marcus: The Geologic and Topographic Setting of Cities12.4 Douglas W. Johnson: Topography and Strategy in the War12.5 John McPhee: Geology and Crime12.6 Kenneth E.F. Watt: Tambora and Krakatau12.7 Lord Ritchie Calder: Mortgaging the Old Homestead12.8 Harlow Shapley: Breathing the Future and the Past13. Resources13.1 Rachel L. Carson: Wealth from the Salt Seas13.2 Charles F. Park, Jr.: Minerals, People, and the Future13.3 M. Dane Picard: The Bingham Canyon Pit13.4 John G.C.M. Fuller: The Geological Attitude13.5 Michel T. Halbouty: Geology - for Human Needs14. Benevolent Planet14.1 James Lovelock: GAIA14.2 Fritjof Capra: The Web of Life14.3 Charles Morgan: Remember the Land14.4 Gabriele Kass-Simon: Rachel Carson: The Idea of Environment14.5 Rachel Carson: Silent Spring14.6 S. George Philander: Who is El Nino?14.7 National Research Council: Essay on the Earth Sciences14.8 Diana Ackerman: The Round Walls of Home14.9 Ernest Zebrowski, Jr.: The Butterfly Effect14.10 Carl Sagan: Pale Blue Dot Index
Frank H.T. Rhodes is President Emeritus of Cornell University. Winner of the Geological Society's Bigsby Medal and the Ian Campbell Medal from the Geological Society of America, Rhodes has served as Chairman of the National Science Board, President of the American Philosophical Society, and Chairman of the American Council on Education and also the American Association of Universities. His other books include The Evolution of Life, Geology, Evolution, Fossils, and The Creation of the Future, as well as many articles on geology, higher education, and the history of science. Richard O. Stone (1920-78) was Chairman of the Department of Geological Sciences, UCLA. A past member of several honorary societies, Dr Stone wrote many technical articles for Geological Society of America, Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, and American Institute of Mining and Metallurgical Engineers. Bruce D. Malamud is a Reader in Natural and Environmental Hazards at King's College, London. A past Peace Corps volunteer in Niger and Fulbright Fellow in Argentina, he currently serves as Chief Editor of Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics and President of the Natural Hazards Division of the European Geosciences Union. He has over forty publications in the international scientific literature, including Science, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Journal of Geophysical Research, and Earth & Planetary Science Letters.
The book perfectly illustrates the beauty, the enigmatic complexity and the insidiously violent character of the Earth. (The Holocene, May 2009) "Anyone interested in planet Earth, whether in its rocks and soil, or the animals and plants which inhabit it, or in the people who have in the past tried to explore, describe, and explain it, will find something of interest here. Recommended." (Choice, November 2008)