Beginning systematically with the fundamentals, the fully-updated third edition of this popular graduate textbook provides an understanding of all the essential elements of marine optics. It explains the key role of light as a major factor in determining the operation and biological composition of aquatic ecosystems, and its scope ranges from the physics of light transmission within water, through the biochemistry and physiology of aquatic photosynthesis, to the ecological relationships that depend on the underwater light climate. This book also provides a valuable introduction to the remote sensing of the ocean from space, which is now recognized to be of great environmental significance due to its direct relevance to global warming. An important resource for graduate courses on marine optics, aquatic photosynthesis, or ocean remote sensing; and for aquatic scientists, both oceanographers and limnologists.
Preface to the first edition; Preface to the second edition; Part I. The Underwater Light Field: 1. Concepts of hydrologic optics; 2. Incident solar radiation; 3. Absorption of light within the aquatic medium; 4. Scattering of light within the aquatic medium; 5. Characterising the underwater light field; 6. The nature of the underwater light field; 7. Remote sensing of the aquatic environment; Part II. Photosynthesis in the Aquatic Environment: 8. The photosynthetic apparatus of aquatic plants; 9. Light capture by aquatic plants; 10. Photosynthesis as a function of the incident light; 11. Photosynthesis in the aquatic environment; 12. Ecological strategies; Reference and author index; Index to symbols; Index to organisms; Subject index; Index to water bodies; References.
John Kirk began his research into ocean optics in the early 1970s in the Division of Plant Industry of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO), Canberra, Australia, where he was a Chief Research Scientist, and continued it from 1997 in Kirk Marine Optics. He was awarded the Australian Society for Limnology Medal (1981), and besides the two successful previous editions of this book, has also co-authored The Plastids: Their Chemistry, Structure, Growth and Inheritance (Elsevier, 1978), which became the standard text in its field. Beyond his own scientific research interests, he has always been interested in the broader implications of science for human existence, and has published a book on this and other issues, Science and Certainty (CSIRO Publishing, 2007).
'With this revised edition, Kirk has consolidated the status of his book as a standard reference for research workers as well as for university students.' Trevor Platt, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology ' ... an admirably clear account ... which is required reading for all those working on aquatic photosynthesis and productivity.' New Phytologist