A fundamental challenge for post-conflict recovery is sustaining and strengthening livelihoods. By degrading natural resources essential to livelihoods and by weakening access to those resources, conflict can wreak havoc on the ability of households to survive and recover. This book examines experiences from around the world in supporting post-conflict livelihoods and facilitating peacebuilding through natural resource management. Case studies and analyses identify lessons and opportunities for designing interventions in land management, agriculture, forestry, fisheries, protected areas, ecotourism, and other natural resource-based areas.
The book also explores how to structure livelihoods assistance as part of an integrated approach to post-conflict redevelopment. It provides a concise theoretical and practical framework for policymakers, researchers, practitioners, and students. "Livelihoods and Natural Resources in Post-Conflict Peacebuilding" is part of a global initiative to identify and analyze lessons in post-conflict peacebuilding and natural resource management. The project has generated six volumes of case studies and analyses, with contributions by practitioners, policymakers, and researchers. Other volumes address high-value resources; land; water; restoration, remediation, and reconstruction; and, governance.
Acknowledgements List of Figures and Tables List of Acronyms Foreword Preface Part I: Introduction Introduction Swords into Ploughshares? Access to Natural Resources and Securing Agricultural Livelihoods in Rural Afghanistan Social Identity, Natural Resources, and Peacebuilding Part II: Natural Resources and Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration (DDR) The Interface between Natural Resource Management and Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration: Forging Greater Security and Stability Demobilized Combatants as Park Rangers: Post-Conflict Natural Resource Management in Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique Part III: Agriculture and Fisheries Fisheries Policies and the Problem of Instituting Sustainable Management: The Case of Occupied Japan Growing Unrest: Charcoal, Bananas, Fisheries and Conflict in Somalia Agricultural Development in Post-Conflict Environments: Building Capacity to Beat Swords into Ploughshares in Eight Provinces of Southern Iraq Role of Local Institutions in Conflict Transformation and Livelihoods Improvement of Rural Communities in Nepal: A Case Study of the Agriculture Training and Extension Improvement Project Part IV: Resolving Conflicts over Natural Resources Conflict over Forest Resources in the Post-Khmer Rouge Period in Cambodia: Lessons for Peace-Building Cattle, Land, and Grazing in the Turkana-Karamoja Cluster Resolving Natural Resource Conflicts to Prevent a Return to War: The Case of High Pastures in Afghanistan PART V: Programming Post-Taliban Governance of Natural Resources in Afghanistan Improving Natural Resource Governance: A Key to Ensuring Peace and Stability in Mindanao, Philippines Building Resilience in Rural Livelihood Systems as an Investment in Conflict Prevention PART VI: Protected Areas and Tourism International Peace Parks: Cross-Border Cooperation and Livelihood Creation through Coordinated Environmental Conservation Opportunities and Challenges of Protected Areas for Post-Conflict Peacebuilding Gorilla Eco-tourism Generating Wealth and Peace in Post-Conflict Societies PART VII: Lessons Learned and Way Forward Natural Resources and Livelihoods in Post-Conflict Peacebuilding Appendix I: Glossary of Terms Appendix II: Contributor Biographies Appendix III: Tables of Contents for the Series Index
Helen Young is a Professor at the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University and a Research Director at the School's Feinstein International Center. Lisa Goldman is a Senior Attorney and Co-Director of the Africa Program at the Environmental Law Institute.