Managing Coral Reefs examines Indonesia's and Malaysia's pathways to implementing the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), focusing specifically on how regional and national policies in Southeast Asia have fared when implementing the Aichi Targets of the CBD. Kelly Heber Dunning examines CBD implementation through marine protected areas (MPAs) for coral reefs in Indonesia and Malaysia. While Indonesia uses a co-managed framework, whereby villages and governments share power, to implement its MPAs, Malaysia uses a top-down network of federally managed marine parks. Using mixed methods through interviews and surveys as well as coral reef ecology surveys conducted over a year of fieldwork, Dunning argues that co-managed systems are the current best practice for implementing the CBD's Aichi Targets in tropical developing countries.
List of Figures
List of Tables
List of Abbreviations
2. Theory, Practice and Policy Context of Coral Reef Management
3. Governing Natural Resources in Indonesia and Malaysia
4. Case Study Sites and the Coral Triangle
5. Integrated Management of Marine Protected Areas
6. Legitimate Marine Protected Areas
7. Adaptive Capacity of Marine Protected Areas
8. Policy Recommendations for Marine Protected Area Management in Developing Countries
Appendix A. Research Design
Appendix B. Data and Methods
Appendix C. Coral Cover Results
Kelly Heber Dunning is an environmental social scientist with a PhD in natural resource management from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA, and an MSc in environmental policy from Oxford University, UK.
"In Managing Coral Reefs, Dunning has taken on one of the most difficult problems in marine policy – that of comparing the effectiveness of top down versus bottom-up institutions for conserving biological diversity. [...] A range of specific policy recommendations makes this work essential for both the practitioner and the stakeholder."
– Porter Hoagland, Senior Research Specialist, Marine Policy Center, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, USA
"This timely book [...] is a worthwhile contribution to the growing literature on marine protected areas, conservation and management."
– Lyndon DeVantier, coral reef ecologist