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The biological composition and richness of most of the Earth's major ecosystems are being dramatically and irreversibly transformed by anthropogenic activity. Yet, despite the vast areal extent of our oceans, the mainstay of research to-date in the biodiversity-ecosystem functioning arena has been weighted towards ecological observations and experimentation in terrestrial plant and soil systems. This book provides a framework for examining the mechanistic processes transferable to marine systems.
Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning is the first book to address the latest advances in biodiversity-function science using marine examples. It brings together contributions from the leading scientists in the field to provide an in-depth evaluation of the science, before offering a perspective on future research directions for some of the most pressing environmental issues facing society today and in the future.
1: Stephen Widdicombe and Paul J. Somerfield: Marine biodiversity: its history, present status and future threats
2: Anne E. Magurran: Biodiversity in the context of ecosystem function
3: David M. Paterson, Emma C. Defew, and Julia Jabour: Ecosystem function and co-evolution of terminology in marine science and management
4: Shahid Naeem: Ecological consequences of declining biodiversity: A biodiversity-ecosystem function (BEF) framework for marine systems
5: Stephen Q. Dornbos, Matthew E. Clapham, Margaret L. Fraiser, and Marc Laflamme: Lessons from the fossil record: the Ediacaran radiation, the Cambrian radiation, and the end-Permian mass extinction 6: Lisandro Benedetti-Cecchi and Elena Maggi: The analysis of biodiversity-ecosystem function experiments: partitioning richness and density-dependent effects
7: Mark C. Emmerson: The importance of body size, abundance, and food web structure for ecosystem functioning
8: Jasmin A. Godbold: Effects of biodiversity-environment conditions on the interpretation of biodiversity-function relations
9: Roberto Danovaro: Extending the approaches of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning to the deep ocean
10: Martin Solan, Finlay Scott, Nick Dulvy, Jasmin A. Godbold, and Ruth Parker: Incorporating extinction risk and realistic biodiversity futures: Implementation of trait based extinction scenarios 11: David Raffaelli and Alan Friedlander: Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: an ecosystem-level approach
12: J. Emmett Duffy, John J. Stachowicz, and John F. Bruno: Multitrophic biodiversity and the responses of marine ecosystems to global change
13: Tasman P. Crowe, Matthew E. S. Bracken, and Nessa E. O'Connor: Reality check: issues of scale and abstraction in biodiversity research, and potential solutions
14: Simon F. Thrush and Andrew M. Lohrer: Why bother going outside: the role of observational studies in understanding biodiversity-ecosystem function relationships
15: Alison R. Holt, Caroline Hattam, Stephen Mangi, Anton Edwards, and Scot Mathieson: Implementing an ecosystem approach: predicting and safeguarding marine biodiversity futures
Martin Solan is a marine benthic ecologist with broad interests in understanding biodiversity-environment interactions and the ecosystem consequences of altered diversity and environmental change. A key component of his research has been the development of in situ marine technology for the observation of organism-sediment relations, enabling changes in invertebrate behaviour to be related to environmental conditions at the temporal and spatial scales at which they occur. The technologies he uses have been instrumental in understanding the contribution of past and present benthic communities to ecosystem functioning and have informed the design of complex manipulative laboratory and field experiments that seek to understand the ecological consequences of species loss. In establishing this area of research, he has been influential in modifying approaches originally developed in terrestrial grassland systems for marine benthic environments.
Beccy Aspden is currently a post doctoral research assistant at the University of St. Andrews, Scotland. She graduated from the University Plymouth in 2000 with a BSc in Marine Biology and Coastal Ecology. During August 2000 she carried out an internship at the Alfred Wegner Institute in Sylt, Germany, studying the effects of a tube building polychaete reef on the sediment and faunal diversities within and surrounding it. During the next 12 months she worked for a marine and freshwater consultancy agency (Unicomarine Ltd), during which she undertook the identification of invertebrate fauna found within samples taken for various contracts. These contracts included port development and dredging, coastal protection, fishery studies, and habitat surveys. Dr Aspden joined the Sediment Ecology Research Group (University St Andrews) in 2001 to complete her Ph.D.
David Paterson is Head of the School of Biology at the University of St. Andrews and Director of the Sediment Ecology Research Group. He obtained his Ph.D. from the University of Bath in 1984 and was a Royal Society Research Fellow at the University of Bristol until moving to St Andrews. Professor Paterson has over 100 peer reviewed publications in the field of coastal ecology and dynamics and has interests in biodiversity, the ecology and dynamics of coastal depositional systems, ecosystem function and biofilm ecology.