About this book
The first book to give a comprehensive overview of measurement techniques and theories for marine turbulence and mixing processes. Part I introduces the nature of turbulence in relation to stratification, waves and intermittence. Part II describes observational techniques for field studies. Part III presents selected computational means for the study of turbulence. Part IV introduces details of boundary layers. Parts V and VI present case studies in estuaries, fjords, lakes, seas and at the shelf edge. Part VII bridges the small-scale 3D turbulence and quasi-2D turbulence occurring on the planetary scale. Part VIII concludes with an overview of comprehensive data sets and model codes, many of which are included on the enclosed CD-ROM. Written by a team of 53 world-leading experts, Marine Turbulence represents a rich source of data and methods for students and scientists in oceanography, hydrology, limnology, and meteorology, as well as marine, naval and civil engineers.
Foreword; Preface; Part I. On the Physics of Turbulence: 1. Prologue Helmut Baumert; 2. Turbulence: its origin and structure Joel Ferziger; 3. Homogeneous stratified shear layers Helmut Baumert and Hartmut Peters; 4. Spatially non-uniform turbulence Helmut Baumert and Hartmut Peters; 5. High-Re turbulence as a vortex gas Helmut Baumert; 6. A spectral closure model Semion Sukoriansky, Boris Galperin; 7. Intermittency Laurent Seuront, Hidekatsu Yamazaki and Francois G. Schmitt; 8. Horizontal mixing processes John Huthnance and Georgii S. Golitsyn; 9. Epilogue Helmut Baumert; Part II. Observational Methods: 10. Prologue John Simpson; 11. Turbulence profilers Rolf G. Lueck; 12. Microstructure sensors Hartmut Prandke; 13. A new fluorescence sensor Fabian Wolk, Hidekatsu Yamazaki and Laurent Seuront; 14. Dissipation measurement: theory Adolf Stips; 15. Acoustic Doppler techniques John Simpson, Thomas Rippeth, Eirwen Williams and Kyle Betteridge; 16. Tracer methods Alfred J. Wuest and Andreas Lorke; 17. Other methods Rolf G. Lueck; 18. Epilogue John Simpson; Part III. Numerical and Computational Methods: 19. Prologue Hans Burchard and Helmut Baumert; 20. DNS and LES Joel Ferziger; 21. Data assimilation Ivan Dekeyser, Yann Leredde and Jean-Luc Devenon; 22. Generalised two-equation model Lars Umlauf and Hans Burchard; 23. Selected approximation problems Hans Burchard, Eric Deleersnijder and Gisbert Stoyan; 24. Random walk Hidekatsu Yamazaki and Takeyoshi Nagai; 25. GOTM modelling system Hans Burchard, Karsten Bolding, Manuel Ruiz Villarreal and Tom Rippeth; 26. Coupling GOTM with 3D models Manuel Ruiz Villarreal, Karsten Bolding, Hans Burchard and Encho Demirov; 27. Epilogue Hans Burchard, Helmut Baumert; Part IV. Boundary Layers: 28. Prologue Hans Burchard and Helmut Baumert; 29. Oceanic mixed layer Lakshmi Kantha; 30. Near-surface boundary layer Walter Eifler; 31. Turbulence and breaking waves Peter Craig; 32. Langmuir circulation Eric Skyllingstad; 33. Steady and oscillating boundary layers, wave-current interaction, effect of sediment, summary and conclusions Alejandro Souza and Carl Friedrichs; 34. Equatorial turbulence Dailin Wang and Peter Muller; 35. Rotating convection Dmitri Mironov; 36. Epilogue Hans Burchard and Helmut Baumert; Part V. Estuaries, Fjords and Lakes: 37. Prologue Tom Rippeth; 38. Turbulence in a swift tidal channel with weak stratification Youyu Lu and Rolf G. Lueck; 39. Turbulence measurements in a partially mixed estuary: the Hudson River Hartmut Peters and Helmut Baumert; 40. Turbulence measurements in highly stratified estuaries Jonathan Sharples; 41. Turbulence measurements in fjords Mark E. Inall; 42. Turbulence and mixing regimes specific to lakes Andreas Lorke and Alfred Wuest; 43. Epilogue Tom Rippeth; Part VI. Shelf Seas and the Shelf Edge: 44. Prologue John Huthnance and Tom Rippeth; 45. Near-shore John Huthnance; 46. The four shelf-sea regimes Tom Rippeth and Markus Meier; 47. The doubly-stratified regime: Baltic Sea Markus Meier; 48. Shelf edge - internal waves John Huthnance; 49. Epilogue John Huthnance and Tom Rippeth; Part VII. Shelf Seas and the Shelf Edge: 50. Prologue Boris Galperin; 51. The 2D/3D conundrum Peter Muller, James C. McWilliams and M. Jeroen Molemaker; 52. From mixing to geostrophy Peter Read; 53. Geostrophic eddies Pierre-Philippe Matthieu and Susan Adcock; 54. Vortex dynamics and heat transport Valdimir Gryanik; 55. Parameterisation of Q2D turbulence Semion Sukoriansky and Boris Galperin; 56. Energy spectra and zonal flows Boris Galperin and Semion Sukoriansky; 57. Vortex dynamics and I -plane turbulence Vladimir Gryanik; 58. Zonal ocean currents Dirk Olbers; 59. Passive scalars Jorg Schumacher; 60. Epilogue Boris Galperin; Part VII. Large-Scale Processes: 61. Prologue Patrick Luyten and Ilse Hamann; 62. Model codes Patrick Luyten and Karsten Bolding; 63. Data sets Patrick Luyten; 64. Epilogue Patrick Luyten and Ilse Hamann; Bibliogaphy; Part VIII. The CD-Rom.
Helmut Baumert (Dipl.-Phys., PhD and DSc at the Technical University of Dresden) started his work on turbulence as a Research Fellow in Siberia, with special emphasis on hydrophysico-ecological coupling in natural waters. He is author/co-author of 85 publications. As a Professor of Physical Oceanography and Theoretical Physics he taught at University of Oldenburg, Germany. He supervised more than 15 PhD theses; acts as a reviewer for journals such as Nature, Journal of Physical Oceanography and Journal of Geophysical Research, and for scientific bodies like NSF (USA), NERC (UK) and CFCAS (Canada). John Simpson (BA, Oxon, PhD and DSc in Liverpool) has made significant contributions to the study of buoyancy, tidal stirring and mixing fronts as well as to turbulent energy dissipation and vertical mixing in shelf seas and estuaries. He is author or co-author of 120 scientific papers, has served as a member of the UK Natural Environment Council, as Chairman of the NERC North Sea Community Project and the Shelf Edge component of the LOIS Programme, as Head of the School of Ocean Sciences at the University of Wales, Bangor, and as President of the Challenger Society for Marine Science. He has undertaken reviews of marine science in Canada, Sweden and Denmark and serves as a member of the editorial boards of four international journals. Jurgen Sundermann (Dipl.- Math., PhD and DSc) was Assistant Professor at University of Hannover and later Full Professor at University of Hamburg where he directed the Institute of Oceanography and later the Center of Marine and Climate Research. He is a member of the Polish Academy of Sciences, and editor of the books Oceanography, Landoldt-Bornstein Series, and Circulation and Contaminant Fluxes in the North Sea.