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Aquatic organisms swim in a variety of ways, from jet propulsion to ciliary action: they swim at a wide range of speeds and span a vast size range, from bacteria to protists, to the largest whales. One of the most fascinating aspects of aquatic locomotion is the remarkable sets of adaptations that have been evolved for different purposes. This volume brings together research on a wide range of swimming organisms, with an emphasis on the biomechanics, physiology and hydrodynamics of swimming in or on water. Several chapters deal with different aspects of fish swimming, from the use of different `gaits' to the operation of the locomotor muscles. All chapters are by recognized authorities in their different fields, and all are accessible to biologists interested in aquatic locomotion.
Paperback re-issue; originally published in 1994.
Introduction Q. Bone and L. Maddock; 1. Functional patterns of swimming bacteria J. O. Kessler, M. A. Hoelzer, T. J. Pedley and N. A. Hill; 2. Buoyancy and swimming in marine planktonic protists C. Febvre-Chevalier and J. Febvre; 3. The role of fins in the competition between squid and fish J. A. Hoar, E. Sim, D. M. Webber and R. K. O'Dor; 4. The biology of fish swimming P. W. Webb; 5. Swimming physiology of pelagic fishes J. B. Graham, H. Dewar, N. C. Lai, K. E. Korsmeyer, P. A. Fields, T. Knower, R. E. Shadwick, R. Shabetai and R. W. Brill; 6. The mechanical design of the fish muscular system L. C. Rome; 7. How do fish use their myotomal muscle to swim? In vitro simulations of in vitro activity patterns J. D. Altringham; 8. The timing of lateral muscle strain and EMG activity in different species of steadily swimming fish C. S. Wardle and J. J. Videler; 9. Swimming in the lamprey: modelling the neural pattern generation, the body dynamics and the fluid mechanics J. C. Carling, G. Bowtell and T. L. Williams; 10. Swimming capabilities of Mesozoic marine reptiles: a review J. A. Massare; 11. Stone, bone or blubber? buoyancy control strategies in aquatic tetrapods M. A. Taylor; 12. Functional anatomy of the 'flight' apparatus in penguins R. Bannasch; 13. Energy conservation by formation swimming: metabolic evidence from ducklings F. E. Fish; Bibliography; Index.
[The editors have] done an admirable job in bringing together authors who provide us with a glimpse of the remarkable range of adaptions that have evolved for aquatic locomotion. William M. Kier, American Zoologist "...this book has many information-packed chapters. Particular contributions will interest individual researchers..." Richard Wassersug, The Quarterly Review of Biology