Provides an annotated checklist of plants used in traditional medicine in the region and is based on published information as well as toxicological, ecological, floristic and specimen data sources. Included is information on 215 families, 1240 genera and 3689 taxa of ethnomedicinal plants. This represents 15% of the region's flora and includes 159 taxa, included in a separate appendix, that are Red Data Listed. Provided for each taxon are basic reference flags to its ethnomedicinal usage and harmful properties, a list of synonyms, its growth form(s), Red Data Listing and distribution within the region. A list of 109 references, scanned to compile the checklist, is included.