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The world trade of plants and plant products is gradually increasing in both quantity and variety. Also, as more and more citizens are nowadays travelling to distant destinations, there is an increased risk of unintentionally importing harmful organisms and invasive species. Governments respond to increased phytosanitary risks by imposing trade-restricting measures. However, they are under increasing pressure of the private sector and the World Trade Organization to justify costly and trade-restricting phytosanitary policies. On the other side, current phytosanitary policies are required to account for impacts on the environment.
This book presents a number of recent scientific developments regarding the economic analysis of impacts that harmful organisms have on agriculture and the environment, and of measures to control these organisms. It also contains a number of new approaches that integrate economic and epidemiological modelling and economic approaches for measuring these impacts.
Preface: 1. New approaches to the economics of plant health: general introduction; A.Oude Lansink.- Efficient inspection policies: 2. Robust inspection for invasive species with a limited budget; J. Moffitt, J.Stranlund, B. Field and C. Osteen.- 3. On economic-cost minimization versus biological-invasion damage control; G. DeAngelo, A. Batabyal and S. Kumar.- 4. Designing optimal phytosanitary inspection policy: a conceptual framework and an application; I. Surkov, A. Oude Lansink, W. van der Werf and O. van Kooten.- Quantifying risks and economic effects using spatial models: 5. Evaluating the cost-effectiveness of brown-rot control strategies: development of a bio-economic model of brown-rot prevalence in the Dutch potato production chain; A. Breukers, M. Mourits, W. van der Werf,D. Kettenis, A. Oude Lansink.- 6. Risk and indemnification models of infectious plant diseases:the case of Asiatic citrus canker in Florida; B. Goodwin and N. Pigott.- 7. Hurricanes and invasive species: the economics and spatial dynamics of eradication policies; A. Acquaye, J. Alston, H. Lee and D. Sumner.- Methods for modelling non-monetary impacts of phytosanitary policies: 8. Estimating the economic value of trees at risk from a quarantine disease; F. Areal and A. MacLeod.- 9. Multi-Criteria Decision Making to evaluate quarantine disease control strategies; M. Mourits and A. Oude Lansink.- Costs and benefits of phytosanitary measures: 10. Phytosanitary measures under uncertainty: a cost-benefit analysis of the Colorado potato beetle in Finland; J. Heikkila and J. Peltola.- 11. The benefits and costs of specific phytosanitary campaigns in the UK: examples that illustrate how science and economics support policy decision making; A. MacLeod.- Economic and biophysical aspects of plant health policies: 12. Model frameworks for strategic economic management of invasive species; J. Mumford.- 13. Analysis of environmental risks: how to assess and manage risks of plants as pests?; G. Schrader