About this book
Includes papers presented by leading researchers in paleontology and ornithology at the historic two-day international conference of the same name, held in New Haven, Connecticut, on February 13 and 14, 1999, along with additional papers not presented at the symposium, for a total of 31 articles.
Foreword (Peter Wellnhofer)
Introduction (Jacques Gauthier)
PHYLOGENY OF FEATHERED DINOSAURSDefinitions of Taxon Name AvesFeathered dinosaurs, flying dinosaurs, crown dinosaurs, and the name "Aves"
(Jacques Gauthier & Kevin de Queiroz)How can we define a feathered dinosaur as a bird?
(Ji Qiang & Ji Shu-an)Phylogeny of CoelurosauriaPhylogenetic relationships among coelurosaurian theropods
(Mark A. Norell, James M. Clark & Peter J. Makovicky)Alvarezsaurids: Birds or ornithomimosaurs?
(Paul C. Sereno)Arctometatarsalia revisited: The problem of homoplasy in reconstructing theropod phylogeny
(Thomas R. Holtz, Jr.)Phylogeny of Flying DinosaursPhylogenetic relationships among basal birds
(Luis M. Chiappe)Phylogeny of Living DinosaursThe basal clades of modern birds
(Joel Cracraft & Julia Clarke)Morphological and molecular support for nonmonophyly of the Galloanserae
(Per G.P. Ericson, Thomas J. Parsons & Ulf S. Johansson)
EVOLUTION OF FEATHERED DINOSAURSFeathersThe beginnings of feathers
(Alan H. Brush)Evolutionary implications of possible protofeather structures associated with a specimen of Shuvuuia deserti
(Mary Higby Schweitzer)Flight: Origin of FlightMethods of inferring unknown aspects of organisms and the behavioral origins of bird flight
(E. Nicholas Arnold)Ecomorphology of avian and nonavian theropod phalangeal proportions: Implications for the arboreal versus terrestrial origin of bird flight
(James A. Hopson)Flight capability and habits of Confuciusornis
(Zhonghe Zhou & James O. Farlow)Stages in the origin of bird flight: Beyond the arboreal-cursorial dichotomy
(Kevin Padian)Flight: Form and FunctionForelimb shape and the evolution of birds
(Gareth J. Dyke & Jeremy M. V. Rayner)The wrist of Allosaurus (Saurischia: Theropoda), with observations on the carpus in theropods
(Daniel J. Chure)The function of the manus and forelimb of Deinonychus antirrhopus and its importance for the origin of avian flight
(Alan D. Gishlick)The function of the supracoracoideus muscle during takeoff in the European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris): Maxheinz Sy revisited
(Alan J. Sokoloff, Jennifer Gray-Chickering, Jason D. Harry, Samuel O. Poore & George E. Goslow, Jr.)The evolutionary history of the theropod caudal locomotor module
(Stephen M. Gatesy)Flight: Biophysics of FlightWhy thrust and ground effect are more important than lift in the evolution of sustained flight
(Phillip Burgers & Kevin Padian)On the origin and evolution of flapping flight aerodynamics in birds
(Jeremy M. V. Rayner)Growth and PhysiologyA new perspective on the origin of endothermy
(Colleen G. Farmer)The bone histology of basal birds in phylogenetic and ontogenetic perspectives
(Armand de Ricqles, Kevin Padian & John R. Horner)Archosaur Respiratory SystemsFunctional morphology of the reptilian and avian respiratory systems and its implications for theropod dinosaurs
(Steven F. Perry)Respiratory structure and function in theropod dinosaurs and some related taxa
(Terry D. Jones & John A. Ruben)Were the respiratory complexes of predatory dinosaurs like crocodilians or birds?
(Gregory S. Paul)
CONTROVERSIAL TOPICS IN BIRD ORIGINSThe false issues of bird origins: An historiographic perspective
(Kevin Padian)Naive falsification and the origin of birds
(Peter J. Makovicky & Gareth J. Dyke)Time and trees: A quantitative assessment of temporal congruence in the bird origins debate
(Christopher A. Brochu & Mark A. Norell)The role of Protoavis in the debate on avian origins
(Lawrence M. Witmer)Biostratigraphy and avian origins in northeastern China
(Joshua B. Smith, Jerald D. Harris, Gomaa I. Omar, Peter Dodson & You Hailu)