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At a time when women could not vote and very few were involved in the world outside the home, Annie Montague Alexander (1867-1950) was an intrepid explorer, amateur naturalist, skilled markswoman, philanthropist, farmer, and founder and patron of two natural history museums at the University of California, Berkeley. Barbara R. Stein presents a luminous portrait of this remarkable woman, a pioneer who helped shape the world of science in California, yet whose name has been little known until now. Alexander's father founded a Hawaiian sugar empire, and his great wealth afforded his adventurous daughter the opportunity to pursue her many interests. Stein portrays Alexander as a complex, intelligent, woman who - despite her frail appearance - was determined to achieve something with her life. Along with Louise Kellogg, her partner of forty years, Alexander collected thousands of animal, plant and fossil specimens throughout western North America. Their collections serve as an invaluable record of the flora and fauna that were beginning to disappear as the West succumbed to spiralling population growth, urbanization and agricultural development. Today at least 17 taxa are named for Alexander, and several others honor Kellogg, who continued to make field trips after Alexander's death. Alexander's dealings with scientists and her encouragement - and funding - of women to do field research earned her much admiration, even from those with whom she clashed. Stein's extensive use of archival material, including excerpts from correspondence and diaries, allows us to see Annie Alexander as a keen observer of human nature who loved women and believed in their capabilities. Her legacy endures in the fields of zoology and paleontology and also in the lives of women who seek to follow their own star to the fullest degree possible.
Acknowledgments Introduction 1. Samuel Alexander and Henry Baldwin 2. Life in Oakland 3. A Passion for Paleontology 4. Africa, 1904 5. Meeting C. Hart Merriam 6. Alaska, 1906 7. Meeting Joseph Grinnell 8. Founding a Museum of Vertebrate Zoology 9. An Unusual Collaboration 10. Louise and Prince William Sound 11. Support for Paleontology 12. Hearst, Sather, Flood 13. Innisfail Ranch 14. Vancouver Island and the Trinity Alps 15. The Team of Alexander and Kellogg 16. From "A Friend of the University" 17. Founding a Museum of Paleontology 18. A Restless Decade 19. Europe, 1923 20. The Temple Tour 21. The "Amoeba Treatment" 22. Fieldwork--The Later Years 23. Saline Valley 24. The End of an Era 25. Hawaii--"My Only Real Home" 26. The Switch to Botany 27. Baja California--Tres mujeres sin miedo 28. Investing in the Future 29. An Enduring Legacy Epilogue Appendix Notes Index
From 1985 to 2000, Barbara R. Stein was Curatorial Associate and Researcher at the Museum of Vertebrate Zoology at the University of California, Berkeley. Her book about Alexander grew out of a 1994 symposium on the history of women at the Berkeley campus.
A thorough and insightful account of a remarkable individual who, as an important patron and an amateur contributor, influenced the course of early twentieth-century science. Alexander's life is also important simply as a human story of how an intelligent, active, and strong-minded woman coped with the problems of identity and work in the post-Victorian era. It's a great story of a complex and admirable woman, and a significant contribution to California history and the history of field science. - Robert E. Kohler, University of Pennsylvania